Organic agriculture has been developed as an alternative form of farming compatible with natural systems, and the concept of organic farming is based on a holistic viewpoint (Kortbech- Olesen, 1998) . Organic agriculture is different from other techniques of farming, such as conventional agriculture which is an industrialized system using chemical synthetic substances for fertilizers and insecticide to maximize the volume of production and profit (Guido et al 2010) . Vindigni et al (2002) argue that ‘organic’ often refers to a claim associated with the process, not a claim associated with the product. According to IFOAM (2009b) , organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects.
Avoidance of chemicals and use of alternative, all natural farming methods have been shown to help conserve biodiversity as it encourages a natural balance within the ecosystem. Inorganic foods use synthetics to produce the finished food products. The effect that organic foods have on our environment is that the farming procedure and the crop growth are done in a way where there are no chemical fertilizers used and healthy soils equals’ healthy food, although this will effect the nutritional value of the food being grown in the soil, organic farming keeps the soil healthy by adding nutrient-rich manure and compost that fertilizes the soil and replenishes what was taken out by the crop that was grown there. Crop rotation also helps the keeping of the soil healthy and some cover crops and ‘green manures’ also adds nutrients to the earth, in order to farm and produce organic foods the soil needs to be protected from chemicals, chemicals harm the soil by killing the tiny living things in the soil that keep the soil healthy. This makes plants unable to fight diseases and become weak, causing more chemicals to be added to force
Many farmers are turning to organic or ‘low-input” farming for economic survival. Organic farmers are less vulnerable than conventional farmers to natural and/or economic risks as their farming systems are more diversified. Future trends in commodity prices, new regulations and research will probably favour organic farmers. On a national scale organic farming could reduce commodity prices, reduce depletion of fossil fuels, improve wild and water life and ensure productivity of the land for future generations. Research into the cost of running organic and non-organic farming was conducted with the conclusion that the cost of running an organic farm were higher than those of a non-organic farm.
Before explaining organic farming, it is best to understand what is “organic”. The term “organic” means “not using artificial chemicals in the production of plants and animals for food” . This definition is simplistic and accurate. Organic products are emphasize their naturalness and chemical free aspects. So in turn, “organic farming is a farming system that avoids the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides and uses organic manure抯 and organic methods of crop rotation” .
What’s with the recent rise in organic farming? Although organic production methods have been met with adequate speculation throughout history, it seems as though this alternative farming method has begun to take hold in the United States. While this may be largely due to the increase in false health concerns surrounding traditional techniques used in agriculture, one may suggest that growing popularity of the practice has reached the agenda of former presidents and congressmen, increasing the benefits for organic farmers, and penalties for conventional. So what does organic really mean? Basically, when an individual buys an organic product, they are paying additional money for something not to be in the produce such as man-made chemicals and GMOs (FAQ, 2017).
Although organic regulations differ by country, different countries have different regulations regarding organic food, but organic food must be grown without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides (Robinson, Segal, & Segal, 2017). Organic foods are grown with natural fertilizers, and they have many advantages; organic farming always helps to make the environment better, and organic food is always fresh (Robinson et al.,2017). In the interest of good health, quality and sustainability, farmers prefer to work hard to meet the standards of organic food. When somebody chooses the organic food, they are helping the food producer or farmer as well (Wholefoods Market, n.d.). In addition, the number of people who prefer to eat organic food is increasing and demand for organic food is probably going to be large in future as well.
In some countries, farming may be the primary economic activity of a region and support the vast majority of the population in employment. In such regions, it is clear that overall social and political stability is inextricably linked with the condition of the agriculture sector. 8. However, in most economically developed countries, farming accounts for a relatively small part of a diversified rural economy, and in addition the significance of agriculture in terms of the proportion of national wealth and employment is, in most regions, in decline. This does not lessen the potential role of farming in rural development in those countries, but the contribution of alternative economic activities, which may offer durable prospects for employment and economic progress, should also be
Many people argue whether an natural fertilizer or an chemical fertilizer helps plant growth. There are many differences between the two fertilizers as far as how much nutrients are found in it and the long term effect of the plants. The question is how do gardeners decided which fertilizer will benefit their plants the most? There are many advantages to using a more natural fertilizer. This fertilizer has a more long term effect, the fertilizer improves the structure of the soil which makes it easier to hold water and the nutrients it needs to be a long lasting plant(A comparison between).
First of all, it affects human health and the environment. The food may be cheaper than organic farming, but it damages human health because the animals that produce the products (e.g. milk, eggs) does not eat natural/organic food/ give the organic . They are given a combination of additives to make them grow faster than the normal way. The chances are it lowers the quality of the products.
Sustainable farms avoid the usage of harmful synthetic fertilizers, they are able to grow vegetables and fruits that are safer for the people to consume and safe for the farm workers and the surrounding localities. Similarly, the livestock farmers follow sustainable practices to raise animals and do not use any arsenic based growth promoters or nontherapeutic antibiotics, thus protecting humans from exposure to hazardous pollutants, toxins and