Tourism is often referred to as a ‘multi-product industry that encompasses a number of different economic activities’ (Wall& Mathieson, 2006). The rapid development of the world economy in the past two decades alongside with global integration and globalization has led to a significant increase in the number of tourists travelling abroad for leisure and entertainment. According to the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the number of tourist arrivals reached an astonishing figure of 1.1 billion visits in 2014. Currently, tourism is one of the fastest growing and dynamic sectors of the world economy accounting for nearly 1.5 trillion US Dollars in receipts and exports accounting as one of the top 5 export earning sectors of the
Infrastructure development such as roads, schools, hospitals, and retail areas have the potential to benefit the local community and can aid economic development by allowing more trade and better flow of goods and services. The social benefits - Tourism can bring about a real sense of pride and identity to communities. By showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, history and culture, tourism can encourage
Many nationalities and people from different ethnic group live inside Dubai. This is also one of the reasons that the tourism industry of Dubai is so strong. The tourism industry in turn gives strength to the retailer who is very much dependant on the tourists for his sales in Dubai. Dubai is an ideal city for a retailer. Other than the expensive rates, the business has a great chance to bloom under the opportunities that the city has to offer.
First, only governments have the ability to create an environment that is beneficial for the tourism industry. Their policies address a range of objectives, such as social, environmental, economic, and educational, which will be more attractive for a country as a destination. Furthermore, only governments have the ultimate power to provide security, political stability, and financial structure in order to boost tourism development (Marketa, 2016). Second, tourism depends on the success of other industries. The provision of public goods, for example clean beaches, is vital for tourists.
Social Benefits: Tourism uplifts the true identity of a place or a country by showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, arts, history and culture and also by preservation the customs and tradition which may be at risk. Environmental benefits: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to tourist and also it adds more value to the local tourism. Economic Benefits: Tourism provides job opportunity to the community, such as tour guide or hotel housekeeping, travel agent, etc. Indirect Employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production and retail. Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income.
In the last 200 years, global cruise tourism market has been rapid growth which has a great potential. According to the CLIA data shows (CLIA 2012), since 1980 the cruise tourism has been growing at 8.6% of an average annual rate. During 1996 and
Over the past few decades, tourism has experienced the sustained growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors over the world. Nowadays, the business volume of tourism can be said to be equals to or even surpasses the business volume of food products, automobiles or oil exports. Tourism plays an important role in almost every country due to it has a greater impact on the development of country economy. The main benefits of tourism are creating extra money for national income and creating more career opportunities for locals. One of the easiest benefits to determine is the career opportunities that the tourism brings.
There are also disadvantage which includes environmental damage, noise pollution, urbanization, human waste, garbage and wildlife disturbance. Limiting number of tourists will minimize the economic viability of eco tourism. RECOMMANDATIONS: • Certain strategic plan must be prepared • EIA – Environment Impact Assess for projects • Optimal size of visitors • Arrangement with stakeholders • Enhance public awareness • Establishment of well trained staffs CONCLUSION: Eco-tourism is the most important tourism as it promotes sustainability and minimizes the threats in ecosystem. Sustainable tourism is which involves balancing the need of the environment and need of the tourist. Hence systematic management is essential.
Sustainable tourism considers equally economical, social and environmental aspects of tourism destinations. By respecting all three, it provides long run development with respect of caring capacity. Eco-certification, on the other hand, influences both supply and demand side of tourism market, and increases consumer’s confidence. Key words: sustainability, tourism, and certification Sustainable tourism is tourism, which concerns total economic, social and environmental impact, by caring for the needs of tourists, economy, environment and local communities. (Making Tourism More Sustainable, UNWTO&UNEP, 2011).
Benefits of Tourism Tourism is an important activity that people has undertaken for a very long time in the most countries around the world. In recent time it has been recognized as an important social and economic phenomenon. As well as its direct effect it has indirect effects both on the society and at the individual level. . The interaction between tourists and poor communities can provide a number of intangible and practical benefits.