Advantages And Differences: Mass Tourism And Sustainable Tourism

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Critically discuss whether mass tourism and sustainable tourism are compatible forms of tourism
Tourism industry development
According to the UNWTO Publications of 2017 edition, tourism industry has been grow continuously over the past six decades. The tourism industry has boost up the worldwide economic segments. In despite of the threats to tourism industry, international tourist arrivals have increased from 25 million globally in 1950 to 278 million in 1980, 674 million in 2000, and 1,235 million in 2016. The statistics show that the international tourism receipts earned by destinations worldwide are US$ 1,220 billion in year 2016 which is about 2.5 times of earnings in year 2000. (UNWTO, 2017)
There are two forms of tourism which include
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Mass tourism can generate a lot of income for local areas. Hong Kong, Singapore, London, Bangkok, Paris, Macau, New York and Istanbul are some of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. These can be described as mass tourism destinations. (Hasan, 2016)
There are various advantages of mass tourism and most of them are driven by economics dimension. It creates job opportunities in a lot of areas such as hotels, food, recreations and other service related industries. Transportation and other facilities are improved to accommodate the tourists and this has benefited the local to enjoy these infrastructure. There are new ideas and cultural exchange as the tourist has brought in new values and cultures to the local
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Anna Pollack suggested that it is essential to move mass tourism to alternative tourism to adapt current form of tourism. The writer claimed that the cheap travel is now not a privilege. Mass tourism has caused the local cost of living upsurge concerning the large group of tourists. The mass tourism has raised issues of environment pollution and natural resources scarcity. (Pollock, 2013)
Mass tourism has low environmental dimension with high social and economic dimension whereas alternative tourism has high environmental and social dimension with low economic dimension. However, sustainable tourism has a fundamental objective: tourism as a whole must be sustainable. Mass tourism, properly organized and controlled, can and must become sustainable. By combining the characterisations in both mass and sustainable tourism, it can be identified that their traits are benefit on environmental, socio-culture and economic sectors by involving the locals in project development. (Sopheap Theng,

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