These pollutants affect humans, animals, plants and atmosphere. Their effects are indeed many and wide-ranging. The excessive levels of pollutants cause a lot of damage to human and animal health. For example air pollution reduces the lung functioning, cause irritation of mouth, throat, eyes and nose, asthma, respiratory symptoms like coughing and wheezing.Air pollutants like sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen etc increases the respiratory diseases and reduces the energy level.Similarly water pollution causes many waterborne diseases like amoebiasis,hookworm,giardiasis,ascariasis and typhoid. The polluted water can damage the nervous system, liver, DNA and kidney.
The causes of air pollution varies from outdoors air pollution to indoors air pollution and causes harmful health effects that may stay with us and cause further complications. There are causes that can be prevented and it is imperative for us to take charge and make an effort to prevent further harm to both the environment and the people. Preventive measures can come from the society or the individual. Even small efforts by an individual counts, if more people put in the effort, the problems we face from air pollution could be greatly reduced. After all, “When we heal the earth, we heal ourselves” – David
This process will result in fine particles suspended in the air and give side effects on human health. Most the primary air pollution is from vehicle exhausts, industrial discharge smoke or pollutants, and the use of charcoal or wood unregulated.
Several efforts have been made over recent years to maintain a safe and clean environment. However, environmental pollution is getting worst and poses a major threat to the Earth. Environmental pollution is “the contamination of the physical and biological components of the Earth to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected” (Kemp, 1998, p. 129). There are five known pollution which is in the form of air, water, land, noise and light (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first type of pollution is air pollution.
Other than global warming, greenhouse effect is also one of the effects of air pollution. Greenhouse effect is a condition in which the sun’s rays, which should’ve been reflected back into space, are trapped in the earth, hence causing the earth’s temperature to be increasing. Another effect of global warming is the thinning of the ozone layer. Nowadays, our ozone layer has been thinning due to the rising heat in the world. According to the most recent observation, there is a big hole on our ozone layer which causes heat from space to be able to penetrate into the earth’s surface.
Throughout research and over the years, air pollution has been through big discussions. It’s been a very well known topic, but there’s not much being done about the problem. Air pollution can seem like such a small issue, but it leads to so much more than just bad quality air. It leads to global warming, affecting climate changes, personal along with environmental health. Air pollution can fall into three main categories.
In recent years there has been a growing awareness of the health problems associated with environmental factors. Therefore, numerous studies of how different factors affect population's health have significantly developed. In this essay the effects of air pollution and water pollution on public health will be discussed and some evidences will be provided to show how such pollution affects health. One of the most serious factors affecting public health is ecological factors. Ecological factors include exposure to organic chemical air pollutants, such as sand, fumes and pesticides.
These are the major contributors to air pollution and one of the most challenging to manage because we are heavily relying on transportation as our daily basic. 3.2 Indoor Air Pollution Use of household chemicals produces massive amounts of harmful substances into the atmosphere and has the potential to worsen the air quality. Dusting of painting supplies, home fumigation, crops, household cleaning products, fertilizer powder, hair sprays, pesticide, uses or aerosol in refrigerators, air-conditioners and deodorant sprays release harmful chemicals into the air, causing pollution. Urban infrastructures which usually with a condition will causes lack of ventilation. This is because of high concentrations of chemicals within a confined area can be hazardous and can cause serious breathing problems.
Conclusion Written Assignment Introduction to Environmental Sciences Unit 6 4 Air pollution becomes a very costly environmental problem in terms of human lives and billions of dollars lost for health care spending and damage to crops. It remains an important phenomenon that should concern everyone. Considering its impact on human life such as female infertility, reduction of life expectancy, implication of cancer, and even the end of humanity. This phenomenon should be controlled and take into
DEFINITION Air pollution is the condition where there is a big enough quantity of contaminant from other substances in the air especially by the smoke or gases from vehicles, factories and power stations and it effect the health of people or other animals, kill the plants and disrupt other aspect of the environment. There are two types of air pollution which are outdoor air pollution and indoor air pollution. Outdoor air pollution included smog, particulates, and acid rain and greenhouse gases. When discussing about pollution, the first thing that come out in the mind is “pollution happens because of human”. Actually, the pollution not only because of human but it also happen naturally.