However, it is well accepted that glycerol mass formation is currently achieved through the transesterification process due to the dramatic increase in the capacity of biodiesel production . Biodiesel is a biodegradable and renewable fuel that comprises of fatty acid methyl esters produced by transesterification of glycerides with methanol. With the increasing in worldwide biodiesel production, resulting in a major concern on the by-product generated from of biodiesel produced by transesterification process. The market for the glycerol by-product of biodiesel production (transesterification process) was rapidly becoming saturated and created excess glycerol of less value as its supply exceeded its demand. Palm oil industry of Malaysia has historically made the country a major player in the biodiesel production that directly influences glycerol market.
For example, in order to generate electricity, fossil fuels are burned. This result in the emission of the CO2 and according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the process of generating electricity is the largest source of emission of carbon dioxide producing 38% of
1.0 INTRODUCTION The Maersk Group is a worldwide conglomerate and operates in about 130 countries with a workforce numbering over 89,000 employees. In addition to owning one of the world’s largest shipping companies, Maersk is involved in a wide range of activities in the shipping, logistics, and the oil and gas industries. The Maersk Group has five core businesses which include Maersk Line, APM Terminals, Maersk Oil, Maersk Drilling and APM Shipping Services. But the focus of this report is on Maersk Drilling. According to Maersk Drilling fact sheet, they support global oil and gas production by providing safe high-efficiency drilling services to oil companies around the world.
As the cooling infrastructure of server rooms has increased in complexity, CFD has also become a useful tool in the data center for analyzing thermal properties and modelling air flow. CFD software requires information about the size, content and layout of the data center. It uses this information to create a 3D mathematical model on a grid that can be rotated and viewed from different angles. CFD modelling can help an administrator identify hot spots and learn where cold air is being wasted or air is
The determination of physical properties of food and related products are a pre-requisite for planning and production engineering. The common analytical measurements in food industrial processing are brix and pH. Due to the logarithmic nature of the measurement, even small changes in pH are significant whereby each pH value represents a ten-fold increase in acid concentration. Variations of pH can impact flavour, consistency, and shelf-life. A pH meter must be calibrated before each use to ensure accurate measurements.
Typically, due to the dual reactivity of organosilane, both alkoxy group (OR\) and non-hydrolysable organic moiety (X), it is used to couple inorganic or organic substrates such as minerals, metals or cellulose and polymeric matrices such as rubber, thermoplastic or thermosets to improve its physical properties. The applications include adhesion promoter, dispersing/hydrophobing agent and crosslinking agent. 1.3.1 Adhesion Promoter Organosilanes are effective adhesion promoters when used as integral additives or primers for paints, inks, coatings, adhesives and sealants. As integral additives, they must migrate to the interface between
Introduction Toluene, according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry system (IUPAC) – methylbenzene, is most commonly used to synthesize benzoic acid. The importance of benzoic acid in modern world is due to its uses: the acid and its salts are used as preservatives in food: benzoic acid is globally known as E210 and sodium benzoate as E211. The benzoic acid and its precursors are also used in pharmacy and hygiene products : the shampoo and shower gel that I am using all contain sodium benzoate. With its increasing production I was curious to explore the synthesis methods for benzoic acid and try it in the laboratory. Interestingly, in the U.S. the production of benzoic acid exceeds over 139 tons per year and there are
The second great innovation was the vertical integration of all suppliers for raw materials. In the late 1880s, Carnegie Steel Company was the largest manufacturer of steel rails, pig iron and coke in the world with a capacity to produce approximately 2,000 tons of pig metal per day (Gilded Age Home, 2013). Additionally, the area in which the company influenced United States was also in the education system. Carnegie supported higher education by building the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C and Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching which has provided colleges and universities with funding for research. Carnegie allocated $125 million to the Carnegie Corporation of New York for educational advancement through schools, libraries, research and publication.
Havells is a leading manufacturer and well- recognized brand in the Indian electrical industry. It was originally a trading company and is headquartered in Delhi. Havells is the largest manufacturer of miniature circuit breakers with a market share of 35% in India and is one of the top 10 globally. It is also the only company to offer an entire line of electronic and electromagnetic meters through their distribution channels. In 2006 they had sales over 10 billion rupees.
The dependent variable is the rate of decomposition of water which is measured by the volume of hydrogen gas and oxygen gas in cm3 The independent variable is the voltage here as I increase it from 9-14 Room temperature was 24 rtp and I carried out the whole experiment in the same room. If the temperature increases the rate of electrolysis will increase. The concentration of the sulphuric acid which is 0.02 M. If I increase the concentration of sulfuric it would’ve been the decomposition of sulfuric acid not water because we just need some ions in the pure water so the ions can move to the electrodes. An increase in concentration will increase the rate of decomposition. The socket that was the power supply was plugged in was 220-240 volts and same socket was used throughout the whole experiment Time is one of the major factors the time that was used is 35 minutes and if I increase the time the rate of decomposition is going to increase which means a greater volume of oxygen and hydrogen.