Advantages And Disadvantages Of Cooperative Learning Strategies

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Also, cooperative learning strategy makes sense in inclusive classrooms because it builds upon heterogeneity and formalizes and encourages peer support and relationship. Similarly, cooperative learning have been found to improve the achievement of students (Saleh, 2011; Muraya and Kimamo, 2011; Sofeme, 2012). The use of cooperative learning instructional strategy helps to stimulate critical thinking and also help students to clarify ideas through discussion and debate. The level of discussion and debate within groups of three or more and between pairs is substantially greater than when an entire class participate in a teacher led discussion using cooperative learning, students are continuously discussing, debating and clarifying their understanding of the concepts and materials being considered during the class.
In addition, Waiganjo, Ngesa,Cheplogol and Wambugu (2014) opined that in cooperative learning, the learner is an active participant in knowledge construction. This implies that, the ongoing of discussion and debate help the learner to construct his or her knowledge which in turn result to improving their academic achievement.
Inspite of the obvious benefits of cooperative learning, kizlik (2010) stated some of its disadvantages as; some students do not work well this way; loner find it difficult to share answers. Aggressive students try to take over the group while bright students tend to act superiorly. These limitations notwithstanding, the assets of cooperative

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