Foreign countries resist attacking stronger countries such as the United States because they realize they would expect a retaliatory attack. Sub Topic 2 The atomic bomb has thwarted the start of another world war. “The possession of nuclear weapons among major world powers has helped prevent the outbreak of a third world war. The United States should abandon the endless pursuit of disarmament treaties, and instead concentrate on its own defenses by erecting a missile defense shield” (National Debate Topic). The atomic bombs brought World War II right to Japan’s doorstep.
Had Truman not dropped the bombs on Nagasaki many American lives would have needlessly been lost. The atomic bombs destroyed many thinks in their wake as nearly 140,000 Japanese lives were taken (). Scientists witnessed the utter power of these weapons of mass destruction and tried to control it, thus bringing forth the atomic age. The energy in an atomic bomb can be harvested and controlled in order to provide safe and clean energy. Though the plan was for a reliable energy source for the world, things took tragic turns as inevitable accidents occurred.
In the sixty years since World War 2, President Truman 's decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has been questioned by many people. The bombing caused many deaths but also clearly marked the end of the long drawn-out war. The justifications for the bombing are still however a widely discussed debate. Arguments supporting the justification of the bombing involve the President 's stern belief that the Japanese had brought it on themselves, and that the bombing would end the war and save many American lives. The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”.
Wars cannot be won by destroying women and children.” Nuclear weapons (along with chemical and biological weapons) are called Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Unlike conventional bombing – tactical bombing of weapon production factories in order to cripple the enemy – a nuclear weapon wipes out everything in its devastating path. So should all nuclear weapons be destroyed? Ethically speaking, absolutely. Nuclear weapons should most certainly be abolished, but that’s far easier said, than done.
The world has avoided nuclear war until now, but what if that were to change? How many nuclear bombs would it take to eradicate humanity? The last time Nuclear weapons were used in war was in 1945, on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima & Nagasaki, at the end of WWII these bombs, dubbed Fat Man and Little Boy would be considered primitive by today's standards, and were actually two different types of bombs Little Boy, the explosive that destroyed Hiroshima was a uranium gun-type bomb which was detonated by firing one piece of sub-critical material into another triggering the nuclear reaction Fat Man was a plutonium implosion-type bomb which was triggered by essentially using smaller explosives to squeeze the bomb's plutonium core In terms of explosive power, Little Boy is estimated to have been between 12
The perception of human existence and its core aspects have never been the same after the developments during the twentieth century. Together with discoveries in physics and chemistry, the century has witnessed two world wars which led to millions of human deaths and other human atrocities. One of the miracles of the twentieth century was the creation of a nuclear weapon. The development of the nuclear weapons followed with further research on the hydrogen bomb as well as all the controversies surrounding the creation of the weapon. These controversies can be directly linked to some issues of moral and ethical significance.
Q.No.2 Elaborate different arms control measures. Elucidate their failures and successes. Ans Arms Control and Disarmament One of the major struggles to preserve international peace and security in the twenty-first century is arms control or limit the number of arms/weapons. There is two different means to attain this objective have been disarmament and arms control. Disarmament is the decrease of the number of arms and military troops which Disarmament is the decrease of the number of arms and military troops which are made between probable opponents that reduce the likelihood and scope of war, generally imposing restrictions on military competency.
Massive retaliation is using the nuclear weapons without threat and going straight into nuclear war. Another way to stop the spread of communism was the policy of containment, giving economic and military aid to countries at the risk of becoming communism. Communism is an economic and political system in which governments own everything and the government pays each person according to their abilities and needs. Any more countries that become communists will create the domino theory affect, one nation after the next start to fall and by the end, they all fall into communism(Ayers 819-950). All three presidents had figured out how they wanted to handle The Cold War.
Some believe that the United States was correct in dropping these bombs on Japan because of the attack on Pearl Harbor while others believe that it was very wrong to dropped the bomb. I think the United States should have not dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki because the atomic bombs was too expensive and it was not really worth it, they wiped out two entire cities, and Japan was planning on surrendering. The atomic bomb they used on Nagasaki cost 2 billion
There is no denying that nuclear weapons have had a huge impact upon the public conscience and public opinion has a huge impact upon the use of nuclear weapons. The current theories proposing the motivations of using nuclear weapons are separated into three categories: security, domestic politics, and norms. A fourth theory is now proposed. The development of nuclear weapons can be the tool by which a government attempts to validate their power and worth as a modern state in the absence of more traditional means. For the purposes of speaking of nuclear weapons, “modern” shall mean after the end of the Cold War around 1990.