Firstly, globalization only serves the interests of developed countries like the US, European countries, China, Singapore more than developing countries such as Vietnam, Thailand, Africa (Is globalisation, n.d.). According to Lianna Amirkhayan (n.d.), the uneven distribution makes a big difference in income between developed and developing countries. The rich countries still maintain their wealth which even double rich, compared to developing countries. Secondly, globalization creates a moving wave among people in developing countries. They move to other countries to find a better chance to work.
Globalization is defined as the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets (Merriam-Webster). It also can be looked at as how organizations have an impact internationally. When money is involved, so are politics. Due to the implementation of globalization around the world, developing economies saw a great increase in exporting cheaper goods, because they were opened to new markets (Collins). While these foreign nations benefited, much of the American population was at a disadvantage.
Factors of Reduction in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflows in Malaysia First and foremost, foreign direct investment is to promote Malaysia’s economy when they face capital shortage for their development process. Besides, FDI also help Malaysia to grow faster as other countries like Japan and Korea by satisfying country’s needs. Other than bring in capital and technologies to the country, FDI also provide managerial skills for developing countries. The FDI inflows start to fluctuate in 1996 until 2010. It has been founded that Malaysia’s FDI net inflows has been decline starting from 1992 reaching to minimum point in 2001.
The most remarkable fact of the Uruguay round is that during the negotiations, the developing countries failed to form a common block against the developed ones. On the one hand, the newly industrialised countries (NICs), like south east Asia, had achieved high levels of productivity and had improved their competitiveness levels. Their effort to increase exports in terms of high capital gains rates (export profit) imply low local purchasing power. On the other hand, for the rest of the less developed countries (LDC), such as China, India and Brazil (current BRICs), a new GATT meant better prices in raw materials, a lending price stabilization and a general restructure of the international financial system. It was mainly the second group of
As more developed nations chooses to believe the in ideas of economic liberalization and push for globalization on a large scale basis, oblivion of the fact that the increase imposition of neoliberal economic policies has actually done more damage than what it thought was a rescue measure. It sure did brings multiple international players in the economic market but this is increasingly at the high expense of citizens’ rights to better welfare systems. The pattern of internationalization / transnationalisation of care workers is an outcome of historical and bilateral relations between countries that has had historical relations, neoliberal policies of developed nations, forcing economically weaker nations to depend on wealthier nations for their remittances to contribute to the sending countries as a form of tokenism wrapped with power and
So too was the distinction of value which developed during this time, where amount of labor impacted the value of the goods, making it more expensive and more importantly--- more taxable. Merchant traders took advantage of this expansion and community development. They understood that trade opened up foreign resource opportunities and alliances. Providing them additional products to resale. Making profits from the gap between wage workers, production costs and resale.
Less developed countries, such as African countries, largely depend upon single primary commodities for economic growth. There are several drawbacks to such a reliance on a primary product for the growth of the economy (Stein 1970: 607). Such economies are not able benefit from comparative advantage, due to the inability to direct resources towards other sectors, such as industry, with a greater potential for growth (Stein 1970: 611). According to Nafziger (2006: 611), less developed countries are “vulnerable to declining terms of trade due to the inability to shift resources to accommodate shifting patterns of comparative advantage”. Additionally, manufacturing exports are produced at a much faster rate than primary products.
While capitalism has certainly assisted their respective countries achieve impressive economic development, the opposite effect of the second and third benefits have, though, occurred instead. Capitalism has increased the power of the government and has strengthened the ruling party’s control over the lives of its people. Additionally to that, the basic rights and the civil liberties have also become limited. Freedom of expression has been restricted especially if it is against the government. The economic disparity between the rich and the poor members of the society has grown and became worse.
During this process while the free flow of capital has risen, trade has transformed into a more liberalized version and consumer habits have gotten to be like each other. Connections have been created among industries and businesses, cooperation between transnational enterprises has developed and foreign speculations have been started. All through this procedure, even the shut economies have opened up for direct foreign investment (Nunnenkamp, 2002). Investments have extraordinary importance as far as expanding of countries ' GDP particularly foreign investments. Foreign investment, investable assets can be characterized as moving to another country by individuals and firms.