In comparison to conventional formwork system, aluminium formwork is time saving as the panels are convenient to fix and can be dismantled with ease. Besides number of labors required for the work is less compared to timber formwork. Formwork is a term given to permanent or temporary matrix or all supporting members in a mold, the whole and sole function of which is to give impression and help concrete till sufficient strength to carry its own weight is achieved. It should be able to bear all live loads and imposed loads apart from its own self weight. From past 3 decades there has been great development in the use of formwork systems for concrete construction.
Besides that, in order to design structural elements many steps, formulas and calculations are needed based on codes of practice. Therefore, to ease the designing process, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets will be developed in order to carry out the design of structural elements. This spreadsheet can produce a design output faster than manual hand calculations. This final year project is focusing on the comparison of serviceability, limit state, bar anchorage and lap lengths of beam design according to British Standard 8110 and EC 2 using Microsoft Excel. A case study of a single storey reinforced concrete
Objects could be well crafted, but in a roughly created way, or something could be crafted to intentionally look “ugly” therefore the level and type of craft needs to match the concept or idea of the artwork. “Design” often refers to the building arts such as architecture. Part of the meaning involves a functional or structural component, but it also includes aesthetics,
No exceptional fasteners are required, and fewer employees are required to entire the process. No cutting, retaining, and hammering simultaneously long, hefty and bulky planks. 6) Strength and Durability Structural steel components are lighter and stronger than weight-bearing wood or concrete products. A typical weight-bearing steel fabrication is 30% to 50% lighter than a wooden equivalent. This makes steel frame construction far stronger and more durable than traditional wood framed alternatives.
Only very high quality planks are able to meet these performance standards. Types of Wooden Planks (Scaffolding, Shoring & Forming Institute, 2012) Planks come in various types but are usually sourced from solid wood or engineered wood. Surfaces are solid and may not have opaque finishes or coatings. 1. Solid sawn planks – Traditional solid planks sawn from a single solid log.
Shaped into many different ways to create buildings The building is shaped into many different ways to create a new modernized structure and new forms and appearance. Oversized windows Most of the contemporary buildings are made of oversized windows which gives the house a modern feel and allows natural sunlight and warmth to go through. Flat roofs It can be framed like the floor while most flat roofs have a sight tilt so all the water can run down.
Traditional roof structures are prevailing from long ago where the structures had a shelter. Roof structure is the most aesthetic thing from the past. In the world wide there are a lot of roof structures with difference forms and difference shapes. We can divided roof structures into own qualities of countries tradition. It can be explain with own traditional qualities of each countries.
Introduction Paper is made from cellulose fibres through several papermaking processes. There are various types of commercial papers available in the market. Some of the examples of the commercial papers are absorbent papers, paperboard, printing paper and currency paper. All this commercial papers have their own properties which are some may with high strength, some may with high fold endurance and some may with low strength properties. All this different properties is mainly due to the fibres used, the method used for pulping, bleaching and papermaking processes.
So for designing such a model we used the application of computer graphics since we have been provided with in depth and practical exposure to this designing tool ,so we decided to make its application for designing our project. Views from various angles of our project design: Top view: Side view: Project Analysis: After experimenting and analyzing various project design, we found the above mentioned project design as most viable and compatible. Apart from designing the project on Solidworks software, we also performed analysis of our project design on the very same software as we had to confirm the rigidity of our project model. In project analysis, we selected the material of which we have to make the structure of the project, their appropriate dimensions and the capacity to withstand heavy load. We also performed various stress analysis (particularly bending stress analysis) on our project design to confirm its solidity.
The broad progression of present day human progress constrained the usage of old nonwoven textures because of improvement of new item for the cutting edge application driven by new preparing advances. At present, current nonwoven advancement has extended the use of nonwoven textures and improvement of nonwoven composites materials as options old nonwoven textures for different applications. The nonwoven textures composites are picking up pervasiveness step by step as substitute for metal or wood in view of their light weight and unrivaled mechanical properties. Along these lines, nonwoven composites, which are multi-layer in nature overlays and also 3D nonwoven textures, are being advanced on account of their drawing in concoction and physical properties including incredible mechanical quality, more unmistakable warm strength, appearance, surface, high efficiency, bring down cost and superfluity. Among the materials, nonwoven textures fortified composites are drawn consideration as the quickest developing