Advantages And Disadvantages Of Globalization In Developing Countries

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Globalization is a process of linking the world through many aspects, from the economic to the culture, the political. in different nations. This process uses to describe the changes in society and in the world economy, by creating a linkage and increasing exchange between individuals, organizations or nations in cultural perspective, economics on global scale (Globalization 101, n.d.). A process of creating many opportunities but also causes many challenges for all the nations in the world, particularly for developing countries. There are so many advantages that globalization brings to developing countries like free trade, technology transfer and reducing unemployment. Trade liberalization is an economic type that countries can import or export …show more content…

Firstly, globalization only serves the interests of developed countries like the US, European countries, China, Singapore more than developing countries such as Vietnam, Thailand, Africa (Is globalisation, n.d.). According to Lianna Amirkhayan (n.d.), the uneven distribution makes a big difference in income between developed and developing countries. The rich countries still maintain their wealth which even double rich, compared to developing countries. Secondly, globalization creates a moving wave among people in developing countries. They move to other countries to find a better chance to work. The relevant number was quite small until the period 1965-1990, the rate of number of workforce raised about half (International Monetary Fund, 2000). That is a huge effect to developing countries when their employee goes outside the country to work. So far, they will face to the lack of labor. Thirdly, local business will have a lot of difficulties because people tend to like import goods or foreign goods more than local products. The trend of globalization put developing countries into a hard competition. Globalization allows countries in the world are free in trading without any barriers about tax, not only that the cost of domestic and imported goods are not too many differences cause major competition about commodity (The Impact, n.d.). That force developing nations have to make their product quality better, improve design of goods and reduce production cost. The next point is the pressure on the natural environment. Promoting the exploitation of natural resources in developing world depletes resources. The world is facing the fear of running out of natural resources like oil, natural gas, petroleum and coal because of overexploitation to meet the development needs (SÀIGÒN, 2010). For instance, in Vietnam fossil fuels is the main fuels to address basic demand and for export, but in 2030 Vietnam

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