Computers are currently used in a majority of jobs and in society including, but not limited to, agriculture, architecture, art, commerce and global trade, communication, education, governance, law, music, politics, science, transportation, and writing. There are very few workplaces that do not use computers because computers are used for a vast array of things like organization, storage, retrieval of large amounts of information such as library catalogs or bank records, communication, and so much more (McIver 2002). They have ended some jobs, like information technology rooms, but it has also created some, like and IT specialist (Boston.com 2013). Computers have also had an impact on education. As time goes on they are becoming part of the classroom more and more and grant access to so much information that could be used.
These are nothing but Information and Communication Technologies. Let us see some of the definitions of ICT "ICT stand for information and communication technologies and is defined, as a "diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage
Computer is the core of modernization and development these days. Modern nation, state and local governance needs IT and Computing tools, technologies and support for the development of each and every facet. Previously in Computing & IT related areas most vital and popular areas was ‘Computer Science’ but in India gradually other domains became popular viz. ‘Computer Application’, ‘Information Technology’, ‘Computing’ etc. It is important to note that there are basic differences in-between Computer Application, Computer Science and Information Technology but in many contexts the nature of the programs are more or less similar as per curricula study.
1. Introduction What Is Technology? Technology is the unlimited source of vast knowledge and with proper skills used in accomplishment of our various needs and information. We use technology to accomplish various tasks in our daily lives, in brief; we can describe technology as products, processes or organizations. The use of technology is today’s era is like a basic needs.
It's also being widely used in entertainment and arts world. These are almost as many applications as there are entertainers and artists. Computers are used in entertainment to create or enhance a production or performance. The tools have become so developed that it's becoming almost impossible to differentiate between the real and the artificial in the film and the photography. 5- Home At home, computer is used to maintain personal records and to access some other information on the Internet.
Computers are widely used for educational purposes as it helps to improve access to modern tutoring. Having said this, computers are beneficial in conducting researches. Conducting researches is not an easy task as valuable informations related to the research are needed to be obtained at all cost. It is of our advantage that computers are available for us to use as a tool to gather those information quickly and efficiently. For example, researches are able to find data related to their research on the computer by internet access.
A networked computer helps us with quick communication and allows us to access to web. Computer also helps us save papers by storing documents on computers in the form of soft copies instead of hard ones. Computer teaching plays a vital role in the modern education system. Students find it easier to refer to the Internet than searching for information in thick fat books. Computer technology has made the dream of distance learning, a reality.
The transactions are handled easily and quickly with computerized systems. The use of computer has also created some problems in society which are as follows.Different tasks are performed automatically by using computers. It reduces the need of people and increases unemployment in society.Many people use computers without positive purpose. They play games and chat for a long period of time. It causes wastage of time and energy.
These are specialized and task specific computer used by large organizations. These computers are used for research and exploration purposes, like NASA uses supercomputers for launching space shuttles, controlling them and for space exploration purpose.
For example, engineers, architects, designers and filmmakers use computers to design things. Teachers, researchers and writers use computer for research and word processing. Technology has advanced so remarkably that computer systems are being used by every industry to improve efficiency and to stay ahead of their competitors. Businesses today have a wide range of uses for computers. Computers are very useful in the education field and can improve student performance in learning.