It looks at the social factors that led to the elevation of Shakespeare, changes made to Shakespearean performances and how these changes helped create class distinction. The paper concludes by tying together all the three sections and provides the importance of symbolic and social boundaries Symbolic boundaries are differences that define and include individuals or groups while excluding others. These differences include factors such as cultural practices as well as preferences. These factors play an important role in the exercise of power and creation of inequality. Symbolic boundaries also include visible distinctions and internal classifications.
Rajni Kothari (1970)(67) studied the nature of relationship between caste and politics. Rajni Kothari has also examined the type of changes that have taken place in the political system as a result of the involvement of caste organization. Caste has three important indigenous elements -secular which refers to relevance of caste in politics in terms of the relations within and between castes. Integrative which refers to castes being relevant to politics through differentiation and integration and ideological which is heightened by its value structure. According to M.N Srinivas (1982)(68) the role played by caste in politics is in close approximation to that of the pressure group.
We have a multilingual and multicultural society. The idea of unity in diversity prevails in India but with this diversity arise many issues. Casteism is one of the problems that India has been facing for centuries now. Millions of Indians are still denied a life with dignity and equality just because of their caste. An individual’s caste with respect to his society is like the umbilical cord.
In the meantime, the class battle must incorporate the battle for the abrogation of the standing framework and all types of social abuse. This is an essential part of the majority rule upheaval. The national freedom movement led by the National Congress was also taking parallel strides. But, the leadership of the Freedom movement was mainly consisted of caste Hindus. The very social structure of the Congress coupled with many other petty interests of the leadership alienated the dalit community from the National Congress movement.
Caste, Untouchability and Critique of Hindu Social Order India is a country with diverse cultures. Customs and traditions vary from region to region. Yet, of course, some commonality does exist in the social structure, which is a unifying force. The social structure is based on the varna and jati systems. Varna system categorizes society into four sections namely Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra.
One finds a co-existence of cultural and historical aspects of various ethnicities and religions in India. The characters, factual events and historical sites in the novel thus reveal the influence and eventual adoption of various cultures arriving in India at various times in history. Tracing the causes that attracted foreigners from all over the world towards the South East
Historically, professions and economic activities are linked with race popularly known as caste system. People are strongly prohibited to change the occupation across different caste groups. A strong hierarchy is maintained not only in economic activities, but also in other aspects of life. This caste system has severe impact on individual’s capability and wellbeing. This caste system and racial classification is so deep rooted in the society that government has taken several measures to protect the right of lower castes and religious minorities and the situation is improving over time.
The word ‘Caste’ is derived from a Portuguese word ‘caste which means breed, race or class. The Portuguese's used this word first to identify small social groups in Hindu Society. In India the word ‘caste’ conform with ‘jat’ or Jati’ which means ‘Birth”. The Caste arrangement in India is a arrangement of amusing stratification which has pre-modern origins, was adapted by the British Raj, and is today the base of catch in India. It consists of two altered concepts, varna and jāti, which may be admired as altered levels of assay of this system.
If we look into the history of India, the caste system has very unique features and position in Indian society. The caste system is more deeply rooted in the rural Indian society than the urban Indian society. In each and every caste, the customs, the traditions and rules differ as per their own terms of history. Each caste has a specialised occupation.
At that point of time the society was divided on the bases of ‘Kul’ which have also been mentioned in the ancient texts of Rig Veda. The caste system in the country got consolidated with the onset and expansion of state power in India but in spite of the fusion of the Jat community into the caste based system, the gotra system of primitive tribal age are not only in existence today but also remain highly powerful and unchallenged, and maintain the ability to implement all the decisions pronounced by it. The Jat Khaps were of great predominance in the Mughal empire where they were used by the Jat landlords in making bargains and compromises with the Mughal emperor in order to maintain or strengthen their role as intermediaries in the feudal land revenue system. The position and importance also increased during the