Advantages And Disadvantages Of JIT: Concept And Design In Toyota Manufacturing And Toyota Quality Management

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Introduction Ford has applied assemble chain by JIT in 1930s. Henry Ford is one who created JIT concept. But JIT has been applied and perfected in manufacture in early 1970 in Japan after World War II. JIT is also known as Toyota production system. JIT was first developed and become perfected in Toyota manufacture by Taiichi Ohno who can be knows as father of JIT then it spread to over the world (Kootanaee et al, 2013). Nowadays, there are many companies using JIT (Just in Time) concept to operate in their manufacturing. JIT have been successful in many countries especially this concept succeed in Japanese industry like car industries and computer after that it spreads to many countries in around the world such as United States. JIT brings many benefits and advantages to the firm whereas, it also brings some disadvantages. Therefore, it is important to define Just in Time theory. According to Bozarth & Handfield JIT is the philosophy of manufacturing which have planned to eliminate all the wastes and keep on improving productivity. This concept can be applied to all manufacture and to many services industries (Bozarth & Handfield, 2008). This definition refer to JIT can eliminate of wastes to deliver good products and services at the exactly time with necessary quantity at necessary time in order to minimize amount of resources which included time. JIT also indicated to quality management in certain firm. Advantages Reducing lead time There are many companied

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