Having thought about the aims and objectives to evaluate this research study I had to consider the selection of the preferred method of data collection has a purpose. To evaluate a research study to gain in-depth information, regardless the method style of data collection. The choice of collecting the data depends largely on the question which the researcher wishes to obtain information. However each method has its particular strength and weakness, therefore when researcher chooses a research method, researcher need to use the most appropriate method that support the data collection. A research method consists of four methods to gain data, which is questionnaire,interviews and observation.
Respondents are selected because they are accessible and articulate. The advantage of using sampling in this type of research is that it saves time and simplifies the process. It is easier to study a representative sample of a population than to study the entire population. Whilst studying an entire population can be time-consuming, especially if the population is large or distributed over a large geographical area. The non-probability sampling method seemed the most appropriate as students were invited to participate in the research by completing a survey questionnaire anonymously.
A method is a realistic application of preparing research. Regardless of the philosophical stance or paradigm of enquiry adopted in a research project, it is possible to use a combination of research methods when collecting data (Howell, 2013). Saunders et al., (2007) identify two main kinds of data that emerge in a research project. They are primary data gathered for the specific purpose of the project and secondary data, which are collected from other sources mainly from academic journals, articles and text books. Primary data can be collected through a number of different methods outlined below: Questionnaire: As observed by Collis and Hussey (2003), questionnaire is a record of wisely organised questions, selected after substantial testing, with an opinion to causing dependable replies from a selected sample.
A very important distinguishing feature of an ethnographic research strategy is fieldwork. In fact, Whitehead (2005) claims that spending long periods of time in the field is “a crucial aspect of the classical ethnographer’s ability to comprehensively describe components of a cultural system as accurately and with little bias as possible” (p. 5). In Analysis 1, the adopted method to collect data is semi structured in-depth interviews. A very important aspect to consider while collecting data using an ethnographic method is their emic validity. According to Whitehead (2005) emic validity means to “understand the study host(s) from their own system of meanings” (p. 5).
I think quantitative research transforms the data to formulate facts in the research. There are many methods used to collect the data like surveys and systematic observations. For example, for my studying of employee attitudes towards job satisfaction in Oman Medical Specialty Board, I will distribute online surveys for the staff to measure their satisfaction on the
Some common methods include focus group, individual interviews, and participation/observations. Common Techniques used in Qualitative Data Collection 1. Observations This kind of technique is very common used by most of the qualitative researchers, whereby they study on individual or individuals in effort to collect a raw data on programs, processes, or behaviours which been studied. The data is usually providing an information of a wide range of behaviors that occurred from varieties of interactions. Observations can develop a holistic perspective upon the study case based on both formative and summative phases of evaluation.
DATA COLLECTION METHOD Questionnaire surveys were chosen after considering other research techniques because it is common method to collect primary data, however, the question must be simple, self-explanatory, clearly structured and easy to understand since we will not be with them to explain the questions. Other reasons for choosing as follow: i. Primary data need to be collected from a representative sample of a population in order to make generalizations about the factors that influence job satisfaction. ii. This type of surveys is most suitable to study attitudes and behaviors iii.
Each method has its own advantages and limitations. The advantages with respect to Qualitative research method are, the fact that it provides more detail and depth to the data. This is because, for example, it gives people more scope to answer in open ended questions in surveys or unstructured interviews. This method also tends to be avoid judgemental nature of data collection. On the contrary, this method is more time consuming and hence the sample size is also small.
Additionally, these sorts of information are gathered surprisingly and are known as direct data which has not been distributed and is new for the study and analyst. There are different systems for gathering primary data, for example, online surveys, interviews, observations, scientific experiments, focus group interviews, and case studies. In order carry out useful findings the article used interview method to collect the data. There were several advantages as well as disadvantages by conducting research through interviews. The advantages comprised: personal interviews, they were descriptive in order to attain information from all aspects; the data is first hand and originally collected with better understanding.
In addition to this, surveys are the effective modes for analysing the data because it helps in collecting limited and specific information from the selected participants through contributes in obtaining reliable conclusions. Therefore, in this study, the focus is on the use of survey as the research strategy in order to gather the information from the selected participants. The researcher uses online survey in which a questionnaire of close-ended questions is given to the participants (Khan,