Nowadays consumers demand cheap food so more of corn and soy are in demand. Farmers grow these crops consistently which is known as monoculture; because of this the soil depletes and forces farmers to use greater amounts of pesticides and fertilizers. Even the animals are fed corn, which again motivates farmers to cultivate the same crop. The effect of food on climate is scary. Because of monoculture lot of pesticides and fertilizers are used.
Pollan encouraged people to eat more plants because plants cost less fossil fuel than other food. But plants are not that safe either especially GMO. Even though it might not cost that much in fossil fuel to make GMO but we have to pay much greater cost for the ecosystem. On the other hand, plants are more expensive than other food. A bowl of salad is more expensive than a Big Mac.
It has diminishing returns when used excessively. If the plant has too much fertilizer, the total growth will decrease because the soil will become too acidic. Fertilizer misuse is very common by uneducated farmers, which adds to the algae problem. Fertilizer’s benefits clearly outweigh the disadvantages, however, to maintain a healthy environment, farmers should use the minimum amount that they can get away with. This experiment will show which ratio will be the best.
Long-term use of chemical fertilizer can also change the soil pH (Day, 2008). Synthetic Fertilizers are widely used in forms to produce and maintain the supply of food. Thus, this makes the crops less nutritious. More than half of the total yield of production is out of synthetic fertilizers which contain nitrogen, potassium, sulfur, calcium, and magnesium and so on. Humans tend to use too much Synthetic fertilizers to meet the global demand of food.
These selectively bred organisms not only simplified the farming process but also ensured a great number of a healthy and resistant quantity. Before the use of GMOs, meaning selective breading, farmers faced many difficulties when it came to unexpected results, low quality crops, more expenses and more effort. According to The Lugar Center, a center established to propose solutions to global problems, genetic engineering has led to the development of new traits much more effectively and quickly. Furthermore since tradition selective breeding can take multiple growing seasons to develop in order to test new varieties, the new selective breeding technique is much more efficient. Genetic engineering is much more precise than conventional hybridization and so is less likely to produce unexpected results.
Genetically modified foods need to be removed from everyday agriculture because of the threat they pose to human health, the environment, and the impact on global economy. Genetically modified foods could produce new toxic substances, and/or allergens. A gene was inserted into the DNA of a soybean plant to increase the nutritional value of the soybean. However, this particular gene in the genetically modified soybean also produced an allergen. Fortunately, the plant was not put into production.
Not only does this decrease the cost and damage in fertilizing the crops due to the genetic increase of nitrogen, but it also decreases the price for consumers while increasing farmers income as well. It has always been said that quality is better than quantity, but in order to make food and crops durable, scientists have found that genetic engineering serves a great purpose for that. For example, some genetically modified plants withhold genes that are prevented and protected from viruses. Healthy crops can be just as scarce
It is unrealistic to expect crops to be produced completely naturally with the fast-growing population spurt. We would run out of essential crops that form part of staple diets, such as rice, potatoes, wheat and maize, causing a global food shortage. 1.5 Looking at this genetically modified picture of corn, it really does not look any different from organic corn. I would definitely have no problem eating this corn. It has been enriched with added nutrients and fewer pesticides have been used in the farming process.
The film, “Food Inc.,” from Director Robert Kenner revealed that conventional farms can be heartbreaking in the sense of the farm animals’ living conditions, however it also mentioned how efficient the farms were when it came to producing food and making money. As shown in the film, chickens are raised in half the time and are twice as big as they were 50 years ago. This means that farmers do not have to raise as many chickens, which also means that if the meat meets or surpasses the demand, consumers will pay a lower price for the product. This rule of supply and demand gives conventional farming the upper hand because organic farming cannot produce as much meat with its more humane methods, leaving low-income families to choose conventionally farmed meat because of its low cost and
This entails that there should be more nutrients added into cheaper foods. As a result, people in poorer countries who can not afford foods that are high in nutrients, would be able to buy foods that are cheaper but still have a sufficient amount of nutrients. The foods that the poor have to eat and buy now are very low in nutrients. This is why many poor people in developing nations develop malnutrition. Finally the fifth solution is research and development to increase crop yields.