Basically, the government had approved for the use of Agent Orange. New York Times reports that it took United States forty years to finally addressed the environmental effects of the long war (Fuller, 2012). Not to mention, the United States military had sprayed so much dioxin, the damages were large as New Jersey (2012), in terms of size and volume. The government was under scrutiny because they only addressed one site of the many affected by dioxin, and it took four decades to execute any type of cleanup and for them to take an ownership in the tragedy (2012). Dioxin most certainly affected the communities of Vietnam because it is highly poisonous.
We are living in currently in the Holocene era. As we observe the planet around us many of us noticed plants and animals are endangered at an amazingly fast rate. The result of the mass extinction is fortunately not going to be Metroid or volcanic activity. Unfortunately, the cause is most likely to be climate change due to all the humans activities currently happening, for example, all the fossil fuels we are burning like coal, oil, and gas. All these extra fumes build up in the air building up greenhouse gases, therefore the earth's surface temperature begins to rise.
In the Kalimantan region, 1,400 square kilometres of orangutan habitat were cleared between 2009 and 2011. Furthermore, approximately 17,000-30,000 square kilometres of forest in Kalimantan has been lost in total due to the extraction practices that occurred between 1990 and 2005 (Greenpeace 2013). Studies of regional biodiversity have shown that approximately only 15% of species recorded in primary forest areas were found in areas with oil palm plantations- this difference demonstrates the harmful way in which plantations affect ecosystems (Fitzherbert et al. 2008). The rainforest destruction this causes contributes to climate change and tropical biodiversity loss, as explained in the Greenpeace report, License to
Without greenhouse gases, the earth’s surface would be approximately -40C. (Williams, 1996) The gases make sure that the temperature is correct for sustaining life. But recently, there have been too many greenhouse gases released into the air due to human activity. The burning of fossil fuels, landfill sites and animal waste all release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, especially carbon dioxide. If there are too many greenhouse gases, more heat gets trapped inside the earth’s atmosphere.
Human populations have grown long beyond the point at which these activities can be practiced without permanent destruction. As the forest is destroyed, so is the habitat for Madagascar 's unique plant and animal species. The loss of habitat due to deforestation is the biggest single threat to Madagascar 's wildlife. Although the exact extent of forest loss is not known with certainty, only 10 percent of Madagascar 's forests remain. Also, recent estimates suggest that 1-2 percent of Madagascar 's remaining forests are destroyed each year, and that a staggering 80-90 percent of Madagascar 's land area burns each year (Kremen).
“It is estimated that in 100 years, there will be no rainforests left. The rate of deforestation is equal to the loss of 20 football fields every minute.” (“Deforestation Facts” 1) As a result, there are fewer trees to absorb carbon emissions and groundwater, which affects climate and the water table. Deforestation is the loss of trees, usually due to manmade causes, such as urbanization, mining, logging, and agricultural activities. One of the most overall effected forests is the Amazon. The world’s most expansive forest, the Amazon, is the site of the greatest projected loss of natural life-sustaining habitat and beauty due to deforestation which makes efforts to conserve the forest and save its defenseless inhabitants a critical priority and essential duty of our time.
The level of carbon dioxide has been increased in the upper part of the atmosphere which it leads to increase the average temperature on the surface which it causes many problems in many side of life including nature, health and economy. Increasing the concentration of carbon dioxide is due to release of poison gases to the atmosphere by cars, manufactures, oil field, burning of natural gases and smoking. Air pollution and climate change are a result of increasing the level of carbon dioxide around the world. Researches show that the average temperature of the planet has been changed during the last decades, as a result, many problems join with it and climate change is considered as the biggest problem around the world. Climate change is one of the results of global warming and it has so many negative disadvantage impacts on earth, including; increasing the events of natural
Climate Change is a contemporary problem face, not only by people, but also by plants and animals. According to Amedie (2013), climate change - together with global warming, is attributed to greenhouse gases or GHG emission from man-made activities that greatly produces pollutants such as carbon dioxide. This involves the increase of temperature of the earth called global warming. Furthermore, global warming only refers only to the change in temperature and represent only an aspect of climate change. This change in temperature has numerous effects on physiological processes of plants and human activities such as the process of photosynthesis in plants and production and availability of food for the human race.
As humans become more modernized, the amount of big industries will grow, thus emitting larger amounts these harmful toxins. Likewise, the burning of fossil fuels has become a part of our everyday lives because of our dependency on them to power several of our means of transportation and homes. These methods release large amounts of greenhouse gases, such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide, which damage our ozone. Although many alternatives already exist, we still have yet to transition to these methods. Moreover, pollution of land is when a plot is no longer useful and can no longer be used constructively.
One of the biggest issue between the 2 sides in the civil war is the sharing of the oil wealth between the government-controlled north and the south of the country where most of the oil is found. The United Nation estimated that up to 2 million people have been displaced by the civil war and more than 70,00 people have died of hunger and associated diseases. at times, the UN World Food Programme has stopped deliveries of vital food supplies because situation has been considered too dangerous for the drivers and aid