Article I of the Confederation is about the Legislative Branch, its purpose is to make laws that would help our country. The Legislative Branch can print money, raise an army, declare war, and control commerce, it is also the only Branch of Government that can create new laws or change existing laws. The Legislative Branch is split into two houses: the Senate and the House of
The final way the constitution guards against tyranny is through big states vs. small states. Big states vs. small states compromise meant that in the House of Representatives, representation was determined by the population of each state whereas the senate representation was equal. In the house “representatives shall be appointed according to population,” and “the U.S. Senate shall be composed of two senators from each state” (Constitution of The United States, 1787). Big states vs. small states is the final way the constitution guards against
Each Cabinet Minister is assigned specific roles they must fulfil within government (House of Commons, 2008), and the Cabinet lasts as long as the Prime Minister is in power. Another factor that grants the responsible government power is winning majority seats in the House of Commons. Simply defined by Joseph Howe, responsible government indicates the responsibility to the people in Canada; as it “is more commonly described as an executive or Cabinet that is dependent on
The Electoral College Since the founding of our country, the Electoral College system has been used to determine our President. Established by the founding fathers in the constitution as a compromise between the election of the President through congress and through the popular vote, the Electoral College has become a point of contention for many people across the U.S. This system designates a number of electoral votes per state, and a majority of 270 out of 538 votes are needed to be elected (U.S. Electoral College). As of 2016, only 41% of adults in the United States feel the Electoral College should remain in use (Dutton).
The framers separated these powered because they did not want any one branch of government to become too powerful. The legislature’s chief purpose or main power is to make the laws. Being the biggest branch, the legislative branch is split into two houses to keep it from becoming too powerful. The executive branch executes the law and is made up of the President, Vice-President, and the United States Departments.
In Document C, Samples provides a federalist argument for supporting the electoral college by stating that it gives states an important role in choosing the president and thus supporting a fundamental principle of our democracy. The problem with Sample’s argument is that the electoral college is in essence undemocratic. We know that the electoral college is undemocratic because not only are small states over represented but a citizens vote can be weighted more or less depending on the state in which they reside in. In Document F, we are told what happens in case of a tie or no one winning the electoral vote. In case of this situation occurring then the House of Representatives will decide on who becomes president where state representatives will all get an equal vote.
During the Constitutional Convention in 1787, the Founding Fathers of America instituted the Electoral College. The Electoral College is a system in which the populous does not vote directly for a presidential candidate, but rather for representatives that would vote on their behalf. The political party that won the popular vote in a state would be able to have their state representatives vote in the election;the presidential candidate with the most electoral votes wins, so long as the votes reach 270 out of the 538 votes. Even though the representatives can go against their party, the Founding Fathers established this system to prevent a pure democracy and encourage coalition building.
Popular Sovereignty is a concept where the power of government in a democracy is granted by us who elected that government. At the same time, we have the constitution that was made by James Madison in order to limit both the powers of government and powers of the people. Madison made the constitution to deal with factions so no single group/faction will be too powerful than the others. People and government is considered as two different factions and so the constitution had listed out limits so neither the government nor the people will be more powerful than the other. Madison created limits to the people’s power so we will not overpower the government.
They would instead offer different reasons as to what makes America great and not so great, for example; many people on either side would believe that the US is a Democracy, well I can tell you that the US is both a Democracy and a Republic. Democracy by definition is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority. A Republic or in our case a Constitutional Republic is defined as a state where the officials are elected as representatives of the people, and must govern according to existing constitutional law that limits the government's power over citizens. Now the US being both offers us the benefits and freedoms of both systems, making us technically a Democratic Constitutional
Moreover, the scheme of representation and the various mechanisms for selecting representatives established by the Constitution were clearly intended to produce a republic, not a democracy (This Nation). In conclusion the United States is not a democracy. It is not a democracy because of how our government is set up with rule by law. The United States are mostly a republic more than a democracy for many reasons.
At the time of the founding of the United States almost all other political systems in the world were authoritarian governments in which rulers fully controlled the government. It was because of oppression by England’s monarchy that the Americans protested for a government that gave the power back to the people. It was then that the Framers of the constitution established a republic. When writing the constitution the framers established a republic not a democracy, however today many people say we have a representative democracy.
The Electoral College plays a very important role in the presidential election. The founding fathers established it in the constitution as a compromise between election of the president by a vote in congress and election of the president by a popular vote of qualified citizens. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the president. Sad to say that gaining all the popular votes doesn 't guarantee you a win. On four occasions, the winner of the popular vote did not capture the presidency.
When the writers came up with the rules for a new government they wanted democracy to be a part of it. A republic was wanted by the colonists after the King imposed taxes and limited the settlement for people in North America. The US Constitution and the Articles of Confederation let the people have a say on how they could govern themselves instead of a monarch. Both documents limited the power that the central government had on the states and its people.
While with the Articles of Confederation, it was the states that held majority of the power and jurisdiction of the United States; these powers were being granted to the new National Government. The individual state governments would though maintain some of the authoritarian power that was granted in the Articles of Confederation. This was a major concern of our founding fathers, they did not want a national government that would become so powerful, that its’ citizenry would become its subjects such as that they revolted against, England. So of this fear was born the separation of powers between the different branches of the national government. Both houses of the legislature would have to agree on a cause for a law to be enacted, and once approved it would be sent to the newly created executive branch for that elected official to sign into law.