This lack of infrastructure or the concentration of infrastructure has led to certain cities or area’s in African states become over-populated whilst the rest of the country remains rural and backward (hartzenberg 2011). The concentration of infrastructure has led to a barrier for intra-African trade and increases the transactions costs of trade for African countries between each other (Ojo 2015). The poor trade relations between African states stems from colonialism where colonialism African countries
Many countries, ruled by the Europeans, have struggled to secure their individuality; they eventually succeeded getting the freedom. Africa is not allowed to get its real freedom. And again Africa which seems to suffer the pain as the European culture has started to emerge, the cultural and tradition of Africa has started to submerge. It causes many local feuds and the ethnic groups continually went up against the new system. The settlers who are all already far from their native, original culture and individuality and it is inflexible for them to adapt in Africa and it is got even worse as the African society itself gone through new cultures.
Africa is considered as the ‘Dark Continent’ and gone unknown to the outside world. Its interior elements like desert, mountains, plateaus and forests have discouraged exploration and development. Britain’s occupation of Egypt and Belgium’s penetration of the Congo have started the race for colonial possessions in Africa. The Suez Canal is important because it has shortened the route from Europe to South and East Asia. Britain has set up a protectorate over Egypt but is really controlled by Great Britain.
Most African states are portrayed by insecurity, poor administration and one of the real causes is the presence and huge power the multinational oil enterprises enjoy in African nations. Thus, study will shade light to the exercises of Shell and Chevron in the growth and development of Nigeria, and review the characteristics if any from different oil
Although it is inaccurate to limit the governance system of British imperialism throughout the 19th and 20th century as indirect, it is relevant to underline that the British majoritarly pursued indirect colonialism especially in Africa. Indeed, after centuries of settler and direct colonialism, British imperialism soon came to realize the advantage of an indirect type of rule in their newest colonies when considering the economic benefits but also the pre-colonial societies of Africa. Indeed, most of these African states were characterized by complex and highly populated pre-colonial areas and this discouraged many British settlers and more importantly perhaps, discouraged British institutional establishments in those countries. This led
These modern-day witches have strange beliefs and superstitions that lead them to think in a twisted way. They have even gone so far as to chopping off, buying, and selling Albino body parts because they assume that they have supernatural powers. The main cause of this colossal problem is because of a lack of education in Africa. There have been millions of African slaves (mainly the transatlantic slave trade), controlled by other countries which has left Africa absolutely broke and in no position to be a successful country . Also, Cecil Rhodes greatly affected the continent when he caused “The Scramble for Africa”, or in other words, a mass colonization of Africa by European countries.
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
When one allows another person to tell their story, the potential for misrepresentation is enormous, and the same goes the other way. Why has it become so undesirable for most writers to write or tell their own story to make it authentically theirs? As a result of the monopolization of the creative arts sector by Western influence, the number of African creatives that are producing art that is relevant to their continent has diminished. It just so happens that when somebody else then decides to tell our narrative, it follows up with a social media backlash by the people of that culture accusing somebody else of cultural appropriation. The reason that our culture is being appropriated is that we have given it room to be done so.
Many theorists, including Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson in their book Why Nations Fail, posit that the low level of development in countries like Nigeria can be explained by their long history of “extractive economic and political institutions.” These harmful policies are part of deeply rooted historical processes and reveal the delayed development of centralized political entities compared to the Western world. Though Nigeria does have its fair share of self-imposed issues, the predominant forces precluding Nigeria’s developmental success are the negative impacts of the slave trade, the extractive nature of colonial rule and legacies of colonialism since independence. The pre-colonial period in Nigeria is characterized by the slave
Countries have been aggressively negotiating for the formation of new integration projects and the extension of existing regional integration communities for decades. They were mainly inspired by the success of some of the front runners in regionalism, for instance, the European Union (EU) and North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA). In Africa, regionalism became a vogue in 1960s and 1970s, the time when most African countries were getting political independence from their colonial powers, although there had been some cooperation initiatives among protectorates of the same colonial power before. Most of them, however, were proved to be ineffective in delivering their objectives and in the worst case scenario, some of them were collapsed amid disagreements among member states, one of which was East African Community. But since its re-establishment in 2000, EAC, seems to be in the right track and has gone deep in the integration process as compared to other regional integrations in the continent.