Advantages And Disadvantages Of Robotics

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Industrial Robots

The robot thought came from a man called Nikola Tesla, he had an industry that its main focus was on new and great inventions, he made a pioneering model of a robot, and he was the first person to recognize the direct relation between man and robots (Wallén, 2008).
The origin of the word robot comes from a Czech word “robota”, which means heavy monotonous work or hard labor (Wallén, 2008). The first practical robot was installed in 1961 after the development of computers in American industry; it’s only job was to pick and place (Pretzer, 2006). In 1969, Robots was developed to do more tasks like welding and painting. And in 1973, KUKA Company moved to produce their own robots and they were the first company that had a six electromechanically driven axes robot (see figure 1) (IFR, 2012).
Robots are automatically controlled, capable of doing complex series of actions and can move in three axes or more (IFR, 2012).
In this report I will discuss major components of industrial robots in detail and motion path types. In addition, the report will also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the industrial robots.

Major components:
Generally all industrial robots have five basic components. First component is the controller, it’s the part that initiates and terminates the motion of the robot, and also it accepts the input command and gives an output command to interfere with the environment around it.
Second component is robot
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