Confidential information can include an individual 's personal information, classified materials with national security implications and commercial intellectual property (Kim & Solomon, 2016). In the US, there are laws that protect confidential information and IT systems. These legislations require businesses and organizations to have security control mechanisms that protect the confidentiality of sensitive information. Safeguarding data confidentiality is not always easy as technological advances also provide means of easily accessing information from remote locations and making it accessible to many people (Dhillon & Backhouse, 2000). This is despite the numerous technologies that have been designed to protect sensitive data.
Most of these are caused by vulnerabilities in the system. Cyber threats also include threat that do not necessarily cause loss of information. Some of the examples listed are, 1) cyber bullying, which targets an individual. Cyber bullying causes harm to the user, resulting in embarrassment, invoke harassment and psychological harm. 2) Home automation, breach results in unauthorized access and cause harm.
Security monitoring allows: 1. Effective security protection on the network 2. Controlling of various malicious activities on the network 3. Detailed understanding of security infrastructure of the network On the other hand, there are some drawbacks related to security monitoring, such as: 1. Organizations must ensure to implement a genuine and licensed security monitoring tool to perform complete security monitoring with all the features embedded, if not there are high risks of security attacks on the network.
"Who has the right to monitor internet usage and, if so, when are they allowed to have access to someoneâ€™s internet? The government has the right to monitor someoneâ€™s internet history and usage when there is a potential threat to someoneâ€™s security or safety. Many other aspects of US citizensâ€™ lives are regulated and regulating internet just be adding one more thing to the list. Some argue for limited monitoring, while others believe that the internet should be censored. Censorship of the internet restricts first and ninth amendment rights, but also gives a sense of security to many people.
Moreover, it is also possible that a conflict between personal protection and legal system data to happen, at any place in the cloud provider (Fortinova, 2013). 2.2) Security of cloud computing Generally, when the security word comes to be the topic it means, the safety of institutions or organizations against the cyber criminal and in simpler terms, free from any vulnerabilities and risks. It has been said that cloud computing is one recent innovation that opens a lot of opportunities for the people up to their conveniences, nonetheless, it comes with a lot of issues in the computer world; the fundamental question is “how secure is cloud computing?” and the answer can be one incredible discussion (Davenport, 2012). In any institution and organization, having web-based applications run in the network server, it will always has the potential of being attack. This is the most important for any institution and organization to worry about: the data protection, as storing the data in the cloud will pose some risks of exposing the private and confidential data to the other users or hijackers to be exact.
These difficulties, combined with the efforts necessary to recover user data, can take a lot of time. 2. DEFINITION Federal Trade Commission Staff Report in USA defines spyware as: "Software that aids in gathering information about a person or organization without their knowledge and that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent, or that asserts control over a computer without the consumer's knowledge". 3.
Expensive Downloads and Pod-casting. Without Net Neutrality, network providers could charge you more to download your favorite videos or music, or to use services such as Rhapsody, YouTube, Napster, and iTunes. Network providers can also tell you which download service you have to use, charging you a toll if you decide to use one of their competitors. Against Net Neutrality: Why should Net Neutrality be
According to Ray Burke, who is the E. W. Kelley Chair of Business Administration, told that by looking at the receipt of the customers and their purchase habit, the store can send them a mail with coupon based on their information on the loyalty program. Indeed, this is perfect gifts for loyal consumers. Because of their loyalty, company recognize it by this system, so they desire to give them some rewards. In addition, some people think that the company will lose their benefit, or they will not get any profit by giving some reduce price merchandises coupon or voucher to their loyal customers. However, they will not believe that the consumer will bring the huge benefit to their business because consumers will remember company which give them rewards, and they always stick with them.
Cyber-attacks are attacks on a target system carried about by different people and may not be associated with a terrorist group. They may be trying to steal information or corrupt data. There are many ways to carry out cyber-attacks such as malware, botnets, viruses, denial of service (DoS) accounts and many other types of attacks. Cybersecurity is also known as information security which applies to devices such as computers, laptops, mobile devices, networks, and including the internet to include preventing unauthorized access, modify, or destroying data. Department of Homeland Security plays roles in securing the federal government and helping to secure a cyber-ecosystem by helping with investigations and arrest of cyber criminals, releasing cyber alerts about threats, and educate the public and stay safe online.
Scareware. It is a form of malicious software that uses social engineering to cause shock, anxiety or the perception of a threat in order to manipulate users into buying unwanted software. It is a part of a class of malicious software that includes rogue security software. Some forms of Spyware and Adware also use Scareware tactics. A frequent tactics used by criminals involves convincing users that a virus has infected their computer, than suggesting that they download (and pay for) fake antivirus software to remove it.
The Patriot Act and similar amendments passed in countries all over the world increased the demand for services, which redirect your traffic through a proxy server & encrypt it to prevent other internet users and even your ISP from spying on you. All for instance your ISP is able to see is that you established an encrypted connection to a server, nothing more. Using a proxy server is not completely secure, though. To communicate with your desired server providing the website you want to visit, the proxy has to decrypt your traffic and thus the internet provider of the proxy server is able to see the unencrypted data stream. This can be avoided by chaining proxies together or by simply using a service like Tor which redirects your traffic through 3 proxies, so called "nodes".
Network Security refers to any activities that take place to protect the network; more likely to protect the usability, reliability, integrity, and safety of the network and data. Targeting the threats and stopping them to enter or spread on the network is the job of effective network security. Most common threats for any computer networks are: • Viruses, worms, and Trojan horses • Spyware and adware • Hacker attacks • Identity theft • Data interception To prevent these threats, multiple layers of security need to be implemented so if one fails, other stand. Anti-virus, anti-spyware, firewall are some of the components of network security system used to block unauthorized access to the network and Virtual Private Network (VPNs), to provide
Write privilege that allows a user to change something Execute privilege is that allows a user to create folders, files or set date. Software updating If you want to protect your computer from any malicious activities, therefore, you should update your computer security software regularly. It is very important to update a software security software because some weakness software may allow a hacker or viruses to gain access to your computer. Moreover, update a software can able to make your computer faster. If you do not update the security software that means there will be changes to get attacks by hackers and viruses so you should update a security software regularly.
A virus can be in form of an email from an known source, clicking on such emails or attachment can lead a breach of data security. Thus, a computer should be protected by anti-virus and anti spyware software to reduce vulnerability. Company computers should be checked for out of date anti- virus and anti spyware software as they may fail to detect viruses. What do your examples have in common? What my example has in common is that anyone externally can breach the security of data, if a company does not put certain security measures in place.