Amartya Sen educated the world on the misunderstood interpretation of poverty, that one can not only look at the economic welfare. It would be ignorant to neglect factors such as gender, political rights, cultural background and the complications that a disability would bring for example. Economists may have their numbers and complicated words when they present. However, those numbers must be questioned for the amount of nutrition a country has does not confirm the amounts division. Therefore the amount of the assets do not explain the stomachs that are being fed.
The article, “The Spiritual Dimension of Person and Environment”, written by Michael Kim Zapf focuses on just that, the spiritual aspects or lack thereof in the professional field of social work. Before being able to discuss the object the author had in writing this article, it is important to know what the word spiritual means. According to the oxford living dictionary spiritual means, “relating to or affecting the human spirit or soul as opposed to material or physical things”. Zapf’s main point is how most in the western culture separate self from the environment and how that incorrect view of life is negatively impacting not only social work but the daily lives of people. At the start of his article, Zapf starts by discussing social work and the role that spirituality and religion have has in the profession.
Lacking clear insight into the various activities and working processes that constitute your supply chain can leave you unable to create procedures that offer a sustainable competitive advantage. ERP systems play a key role in several aspects of the creation and maintenance of a superior Supply Chain Management process. 5- ERP helps higher officials in Decision Making Research has already been done to help get a better understanding of the ERP decision making process. However there still remains concern over the appropriateness of the ERP software. Ability to handle the confusion can only be gained through experience and Managers are posted on their seats based on their level of experience.
The studies that fall in the exclusion criteria are not considered as accurate due to which they are rejected. The exclusion criterion for this study is as follows: Topic – Studies that did not consider bedside handover were not used because the main purpose of this research is to analyse the effectiveness of bedside handovers in clinical setting. Language – Articles or papers that are not published in English Language are rejected to be used in this research. Publication Status – Various studies are available on different search engines and databases but many of them are not accessible in full. This means that only abstract of many of the studies are published online due to which these studies are not considered as relevant to be selected.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this thesis is to reexamine the events and published lessons learned of 12 1 no single, cohesive organizational theory per se, the task of examining organizations becomes complicated, requiring integration of a web of different theories and approaches. However, by combining select theories within a larger frame of reference model, a clearer picture of the organization, actors, and its effectiveness is obtained. Applying organizational theory to the Mayaguez incident demonstrates that decision processes at the executive level made the military operation vulnerable to failure. Although the Government Accounting Office (GAO) published a full report of the Mayaguez incident, it was both incomplete and inaccurate in terms of analysis. The report merely consolidated information from various sources within the government, to include the military, rather than applying analysis to the events themselves.
The reasons researchers have for selecting their cases can often be flawed. While in other sciences case selection is randomized to varying extents, it is not possible in political science due the difficulty in controlling variables, limited number of cases, and difficulty in access. Researchers often choose to study a country they are already educated in or wish to travel to. There is also the problem in how cases are frequently selected; if a researcher is examining cause-and-effect, it is important they examine how the proposed cause affects many countries, not just the countries where it had the effect in question. In other words, using an example from “Essentials of Comparative Politics” by Patrick O’Neil, if a comparativist is studying revolutions and hypothesizes that the primary cause of revolutions is a rapid increase in inequality, they should examine a wide variety of places where a growth of inequality took place.
The SMEs were found to be owner driven in nature as it lacked in compulsory regulation and they practiced informal consultation of CSR activities. The individual choices made by the entrepreneurs/owners had a primary role in framing a proper CSR strategy and in communicating their social initiatives. The obstacles for doing such activities and adopting communication tools were identified as lack of skills, money, and absence of a set of guideless to practice
The CHF policy was created using a top-down approach, in which the Central Ministry of Health and the World Bank wrote the act with the assumption that the District Managers would comply with the guidelines of the policy. In this traditional managerial approach, the central government had more power than the District Managers, who had limited input on the creation of the policy, despite their position on the frontlines. Thus, District Managers felt that the policy was imposed upon them without proper discussion of key issues.11 This left the District Managers feeling powerless over how the CHF should be implemented, and in turn, caused a bitterness and resistance to the CHF. The negative attitude towards the policy influenced District Managers actions, or lack thereof, to support the success of the CHF in their
Indian courts have time and again recognised few information like details of suppliers and customers, pricing policies, marketing management, as crucial that can qualify as trade secrets. Also under TRIPS compliance agreement and also due to emergence of competitive environment, there has been pressure on the government for taking initiative towards enactment of granting statutory protection to trade secrets. Identifying Trade Secrets Distinguishing genuine trade secrets from other information that an ex-employee can use freely in the absence of covenant in restraint of trade is very important. Information is a trade secret or not can be evaluated based on: • the degree of secrecy or knowledge of the information outside the owner’s business • the extent to which it is known to the others involved in the business • the measures taken to safeguard the secrecy of the
In governmental environment when ZBB is applied certain modifications has been made it does not mean to eliminate the necessary operations but it means to eliminate these activities which cause waste and unnecessary increments in cost (P.Buffa, 1983). For this purpose a criteria must be developed regarding feasibility of applying ZBB. It is the fact that public sector in Pakistan is declining day by day and there is no control of government bodies on public funds. Resources and public funds are misused so there is need to implement ZBB. This study investigates the applicability of ZBB in public sector of Pakistan.