He derived the term known as functionalism which provides a biological representation of society. This term describes society to behave similarly to an organism, which consists of various parts each part with a specific function that contributes to the stability of the society. The components are interdependent of each other and require some form of interaction to elicit smooth functionality of the organism. The institutions refer to education, state, media, police and judicial systems within society each with a different needs to fulfill but interconnection between these entities was necessary to form and shape society. It is a representation of cohesion in society and thus indicates the status of the
The exchange theory and ecological perspective states that social conditions are influenced through interpersonal and intergroup transactions. Thus, all four paradigms dominate contemporary American sociology, they all involve the interaction between society’s members, and they all help make practical sense of everyday life. The Functionalism and the Systems Paradigm The functionalism and the systems paradigm states that society has functional needs and that the form of society will change to meet those needs
According to functionalism society is basically a system of different parts that interconnect together in harmony to have a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. It is not about the individual. Instead it is about the greater good of society. The greater good is a functioning society. . (Ritzer and Stepnisky, n.d.)
Sociological Imagination is the use of imaginative thoughts to understand the connections between the forces of society and the personal lives of the individuals. Sociological Imagination is made up of 3 major theories which are the Functionalist Perspective, Conflict Perspective, and the Symbolic Interactionist Perspective. The Functionalist Perspective is a society or group that is relatively stable, which causes people to work together, and all parts of society contribute and has effects on the entire society. Another theory is the Conflict Perspective which is where Conflict theorists assume that the social structure affects human behavior. However, the Conflict Perspective focuses on the conflict, power differences and social change in society.
The key elements of this paradigm include social structure and social funtions. Social structure refers to any stable pattern of social behaviour found in social institutions, wherein each of these institutions have a social function to perform. It is important to mention
The functionalist perspective says that society and its systems work together to maintain stability. This perspective heavily relies on the belief that each part of society affects another. Functionalists believe that “social mechanisms hold society together” (Cury, Jiobu, and Schwirian 12). They focus heavily on how different institutions affect social life.
Looking at society as a whole with individual units that work together to make society function efficiently is the structural functionalism concept. Each unit has a part and is describe as institutions such as family, religion, education, politics, economy and inequality. Because structural functionalism looks at social structure and patterns of behavior it is able to create values for society. As well as, distinguish between visible and suppressed problems within the social structures that may need to be addressed. For instance, homelessness is indication of dysfunction in structural functionalism system.
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN DIFFERENT SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ESSAY EDUCATION AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION: Social institutions are an important element in the structure of human societies. They provide a structure for behavior in a particular part of social life. Education is one of the major social institutions that exist in the society. It establishes a goal of social equality and a common knowledge base among students.
Civic responsibility has an important role in society. All communities are dependent on one another. Increased knowledge of these connections helps develop methods to improve relationships. I plan to take Physiological Psychology and Statistics for Social Science.
This perspective has a lot to do with cooperation and consensus. A few other key concepts in this perspective are anomies, institutions, and social integration. The three major theorists involved are Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. The theory states that social influences shape individual behavior and social integration is maintained from sharing experiences with others.
The term substance abuse is predominately used to signify an unhealthy and devitalizing obsession on a mind-altering chemical substance. In addition, it is most often used to refer to illegal drugs as well as legal, regulated substances such as prescription medications and alcohol. Drug abuse is usually considered a punishable offence by many countries and is also regarded as being personally and socially detrimental. Three major sociological paradigms including functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism delve in to the world of addiction as well as the controversies that surround this social issue.