Marine life is dying and as the result the oceanic ecosystem is threatened. Before, it was assumed that because the ocean was so big, vast, and deep, that the effects of dumping trash and littering into the sea will only have minimal consequences. But after decades of littering, we have seen the consequences. Oil spills, floating plastic, and toxic wastes
Unfortunately our oceans are suffering from many types of pollutants that are prominent in our environment. One of the main distributors of pollution is sewage. Sewage and other polluting substances flow into the world's rivers and drainage pipes until all of the substances dump out into the ocean. In addition to sewage, other chemicals finds its way to the oceans, which leads to the reduction of oxygen being released into the atmosphere. With this in place, the waters become murky and filled with substances that can harm marine life.
The first and foremost is the oil spillage in the ocean which leads to ocean acidification. This brings a huge threat towards the environment and the marine wildlife. Oil operation in sea bed often requires drilling fluids such as mud which are used to inject into the wellbore to lubricate the drilling bit. These devastating effects of numerous oil spills on the surface of the ocean could bring a long term environmental effect to the coastal areas as well as to the sea bed. Besides, drilling mud which contains toxic substances like benzene, zinc, arsenic, radioactive materials, and other contaminants are used to lubricate drill bits and maintain the pressure in the drill.
Chemicals from industries and agricultural sites can run-off into the ocean. When the toxic chemicals from this and sewage get into the ocean’s ecosystem; it leads to reduction in oxygen levels, decay of oceanic plant life, and severe decline of the quality of the sea water. Toxic chemicals that get into the ocean raise the temperature drastically, this is known as thermal pollution. Marine animals that cannot survive in these higher temperatures will eventually
Without it we would be dead from the dehydration. Fracking in this case can contaminate it to where we cannot drink it and if we do it can lead to death or a trip to the hospital: Drinking water sources have been contaminated with explosive methane, as well as other dangerous substances, such as benzene and arsenic, that can cause cancer and other serious illnesses. Toxic chemicals, as well as erosion and runoff from drilling operations, have fouled
Not only does do offshore drilling rigs pollute the air but they also pollute the oceans and create a deadly environment for marine life and reefs. This shows how one small mistake made by oil drilling companies is extremely dangerous to the environment and could even wipe out populations of marine life which can create dead zones. Majority of pollution comes from storing toxic oils that are dangerous to the oceans. The amount of air pollutants is not that much compared to other contributors of air pollution but they all add up and will slowly destroy our
Introduction Thesis: The BP Oil spill was one of the greatest disasters that is believed to have had a catastrophic impact on the environment with marine life being the most distressed by the spill. Body Paragraph 1: The BP oil spill immensely caused huge contamination to the beach, one of the destructive impacts that it had on the environment. Supporting Evidence: The beaches in the region where the BP Oil spill occurred were ascertained to have been heavily contaminated, an aspect that saw a plunge in certain organisms that are a central part of marine life food chain (Benoit, 2011). Explanation: The decline in the species of various organisms was not equal after the BP oil spill. Certain forms of marine life registered an increase
Even though the manatee deaths were not determined many believe that itś the oil spill that killed them. In 2010 because there were so many oil spills happening and the manatees were so endangered rescue clinics were not allowed to release the manatees until the water was cleared up (Phillips). Chemical and nutrient pollution has also been very harming to the West Indian manatee. In 2013, 15% of the manatees died mostly due to the sewage and fertilizer runoff into streams and rivers that dump into the ocean (Guest). Agriculture immensely adds to the nutrient and chemical pollution due to the fertilizers used on crops.
Materials such as these are not only toxic and harmful, but accumulate in the environment, also these materials are not biodegradable (ibid). Thus, increasing the rates of deadly diseases such as, cancers, physical birth defects, and now other health problems are being observed (ibid). The accumulation of these atrocious materials causes a worrisome in the biodiversity of the environment. There are many more contributions to ocean pollution that many people don 't know
One of the most important causes of Nile contamination is discharging of industrial facilities (Mohamed et al., 1998). Factory waste contains heavy metals such as, Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb) and Copper (Cu), which cause toxicity. In this essay, the discussion will point to Nile contamination as a controversial issue and highlight some health problems which occur as consequences of using polluted water in Egypt. Likewise, the essay will raise some scientific methods to determine the percentage of heavy metal in water supported by example. Then it will suggest some chemical technical solutions to reduce the percentage of heavy metals in Nile and reuse it again for many purposes.
David Biello states that “leaks from badly cased wells contaminated drinking water wells—and one even exploded” which shows that when things are not done properly problems can occur (Scientific American). Since fracking fluid is made up of a high percentage of water, contains many harmful chemicals, and this creates
The toxic chemicals released from extraction were poisoning clean water sources. This lead to increasing cases of cancer, hyperthyroidism, lupus, and renal failure in people located in areas near the present pipeline. These effects clearly show the vast hazard this oil presents for the environment and society. In conclusion, as stated and proven throughout this essay, the Keystone pipeline creates many environmental issues. The Keystone pipeline should not be built because it endangers the environment and has the ability to create catastrophic damages through pollution and habitat desecration.
Many people believe fracking is harmful to the environment because it pollutes the air and water and can possibly inject harmful chemicals in the earth. For many years scientists have studied the effects of hydraulic fracturing on water sources. With much controversy they say that hydraulic fracking is “subject to both federal
The Cause and Effects of the Oilfield The cause and effects of the oilfield are more disastrous than most people know. The oil boom is destroying small towns throughout America. The processes of fracking and drilling are destroying the earths water resources because the millions of gallons of water are being used and it can never be used again because it is contaminated. Drilling and fracking are more disastrous then most people might think. “It produces toxic chemicals in the air around the area they are fracking or drilling in.