Advantages And Disadvantages Of Zero Tolerance

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Although there are seemingly multiple advantage of zero tolerance policies in schools, there are many other disadvantages against the use of ZT policies in school , One of the main disadvantages of zero-tolerance policy is the fact that it targets students with disabilities. A number of studies found that the rate of school suspension was relatively high among students with disabilities (Edmonds-Cady & Hock, 2008; Morgan, Salomon, Plotkin, & Cohen, 2014). The same applies to minorities such as people with color as several studies found that African Americans are expelled from schools at higher rate than their white peers (Skiba 2001). Another disadvantage is the disciplinary actions resulting from applying zero-tolerance policy such as suspension and expulsion affects school climate and cause the school ratings to drop. Furthermore, in such conditions, long periods of time are spent on disciplinary matters (Bickel & Qualls, 1980; Wu et al., 1982). The important indicator of school academic achievement is also negatively associated with implementation of zero-tolerance policy after accounting for socioeconomic status (Raffaele-Mendez, 2003; Skiba & Rausch, 2006). A third and important cons for using of zero-tolerance policy is the positive association that was observed between school suspension and higher future rates of misbehavior among those students who are suspended (Bowditch, 1993; Costenbader & Markson, 1998),

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