The literature review clearly has shown that there is a phenomenon called School to Prison, Schoolhouse to Jailhouse, or Public Education to Prison Pipeline. Therefore, Jeremy Thompson (2016) says, “Zero-tolerance policies in schools result in high suspension rates and expulsion rates among students in general, but disproportionately affect minority students, especially African-Americans because students who have been suspended or expelled are more likely than not to end up in the Criminal Justice
Part I: What is the problem with the achievement gap? Do you ever just wonder why people are failing in school and what 's the setting behind them in failing is? The achievement gap in test scores affect many different groups and is the reason behind them failing. An achievement gap is often defined as the differences between the test scores of minority and/or low-income students and the test scores of their White and Asian peers (Dee and Penner). This means that the achievement gap is the academic difference between minority and white students, essentially stating that minorities get left behind.
Based on data from the Civil Rights Data Collection in 2012, the United States Department of Education states that “black students are suspended and expelled at a rate three times greater than white students” (U.S. Department of Education). This is a problem because if a student has been suspended once, they are far less likely to do well in school and are actually much more likely to drop out, thus contributing further to the issue I discussed in the paragraph above. Schools need to treat all of their students fairly in order to give them the best chance at success in higher education. All of these factors truly go hand in hand to serve as obstacles in the way of minority students’
Why Bullies Should Not Be Prosecuted If people ask someone about their childhood memories, stories related to school will also emerge with high probability, because everybody spends a significant part of their lives in these institutions. Since school years are influential, it would be important that children have positive memories about this period, but reality does not always correspond to expectations . Bullying is one of the factors which ruin school experience, and it is gaining prominence. According to Olweus, "A student is being bullied or victimized when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other students" (Dake 173).
It can occur between men and women, the elderly and the young, whites and Asians and so on and so forth. The most notable of these, however, is the gap between whites and blacks; it is known as the black-white test score gap. Christopher Jencks, editor of the book The Black-White Test Score Gap, said, “The average black student scores below 70 to 80 percent of the white students of the same age” (The Test Score Gap). This discrepancy has been partially attributed to socioeconomic status, due to
Truancy, therefore, is a clear warning that student may drop-out. Another thing also is that Blum, Beuhring, and Rinehart (2000) found that frequent problems with school work are predictive of both cigarette and school use. The correlation between school failure and delinquency is well established (Wang, 2005; Balfanz, 2003; Smith,
According to the Advancement Project, the Zero Tolerance Policy contibues to a number of problems to included the denial of education due to increased suspension and explusion rates, referrals to inadequate alternative schools, lower test scores, higher dropout rates and racial profiling of students. Citing that once many of these youth are in “the system” they never get back on the academic track. With schools often refusing to readmit them (Heitzeg, 2009). The Zero Tolerance Policy plays its part in facilitating four different pathways into the legal system from the schools (James,
The Zero Tolerance Policy is a major worldwide issue. Statistically it has been a problem in schools for many reasons but mainly because most believe it 's a racial factor in schools. It also brings down academic levels and a child 's learning ability. While researching the statistics I found out that many researchers have discovered that black students are more likely to get suspended, expelled, or juvenile consequences over white students. On the pbs.org website it stated that “Black students make up about 16 percent of the nation’s population in school, they account for about 45 percent of the kids who face juvenile arrest.”
An increasing high school dropout rate is due to the fact that our education system is a grade-based system, that uses standardized tests to measure ones intelligence and achievements. Students who don’t measure up as well as others in terms of their grades, begin to quit at an earlier stage in education, with the belief they aren’t good enough to succeed in further education. With education inflation, the grade standards and pressure for students, are at a constant rise, which makes it more difficult for students to excel. For example, if a student was once a B grade student, they could easily be downgraded to a low C, because of the increasing competitive rivalry amongst students. As shown in Figure 3.
Another thing that places students of color at a disadvantage in college admissions is the persisting cultural bias in high-stakes testing. “High-stakes” tests are those that are tied to major consequences, such as admission to college, or even high school graduation. Fair education reform advocates have long been citing an extensive record of standardized testing concerns, many of which relate to racial bias and discrimination. As researcher and author Harold Berlak explains in the journal Rethinking Education: Standardized testing perpetuates institutionalized racism and contributes to the achievement gap between whites and minorities. For instance, the deeply embedded stereotype that African Americans perform poorly on standardized tests
Other criticisms of NCLB include: the standardization and pressures of testing, the effort to privatize education, and its lack of effectiveness within the classroom due to the pressures of rigid federal expectations. Studies suggest that the reform did not lower drop-out rates, but put substantial pressures on schools. In Meir and Wood 's Many Children Left Behind, in Houston, Texas, where "much of the NCLB legislation is based... the district claimed a dropout rate of 1.5%" when, in fact, at one particular high school, about 25% of the students left during the 2001 - 2002 school year, and were labeled as continuing their education or going back to their home country; although, they had not claimed of doing so (Meir and Woods,
When we say prejudice it is most commonly known to be relating to race. In my experiences at school, there were cases of prejudice based on academic performance. Whenever a teacher would assign a group assignment students with higher averages would join together leaving those with lower averages to group with each other. This usually negatively affects many friendships since one may care more about their marks than their friends. This affected my relationships with my peers that I always worked with positively, but the relationship with those who I never or rarely worked with did not go so well.
In the past segregation of schools was a major issue for educational equality. Today there is still an issue with equal educational opportunities in addition to the issue of standardized testing. More than likely in the future there will still be an issue with standardized testing as well as minority students not being able to attend colleges because of college loan problems. Another effect is high unemployment due to minorities not being able to get a college education because most jobs now are requiring education beyond high school. One thing that is being done today is that some schools are placing less emphasis on the SAT as a requirement for admission.
Students were isolated as lower minority students rather than being conjoined with the white students who were seen as superiors. Being segregated as an African American while in school greatly affected students. The effects included prevention of “…social learning, the exposure of children to cultural practices other than their own, and ultimately greater racial interaction (Wells, 1995)” (Odis p. 200). Based on this quote, students were basically treated unfairly, and they were cut short of opportunities based on their