Apartheid, a word meaning "separateness", or "the state of being apart “was a system of racial segregation in South Africa which was enforced through legislation by the National party, which was the governing party from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, the rights, associations, and movements of the majority black people and other groups were curtailed, and white minority rule was maintained. Apartheid was developed after World War 2 by the Afrikaner-dominated National Party. The idea was also enforced into South West Africa which was administered by South Africa under the League of nations mandate until it gained independence as Namibia in 1990. By extension, the term is currently used for forms of segregation established by the state authority
It was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation from 1948 to 1994. The majority black inhabitants were curtailed of rights, associations, and movements. It was caused by the race diversity between the white people and black people. After donkey years, the negative effects of the Apartheid system were still obvious. Public facilities are divided according to the different races.
Apartheid The unbelievable crimes that have occurred in South Africa are horrific. The fight for freedom and democracy has cost many innocent lives and harm to almost all black South Africans. Apartheid was the policy of segregation or discrimination or ground of race. Even though the fight has come a long way it is not over yet. It all started in 1948, when the government of South Africa introduced new laws putting a fine line between black and white.
On paper it appeared to call for equal development and freedom of cultural expression, but the way in which it was implemented made this impossible. Apartheid was a step up from segregation. The Apartheid system made laws that forced the different racial groups to live separately and develop separately but at the same time it caused great inequality and suffering for the majority of South Africans. It tried to stop all inter-marriage
Context of post-apartheid South Africa Apartheid was a system or ideology in South Africa that was reinforced by the National Party (NP) during 1948. This system segregated races by making laws for them to not interact, to develop separately, to live separately and was exceptionally unequal too when it comes to the treatment of the people since that was deterred by their skin colour. Apartheid brutally and forcibly segregated people, and had a frightening state apparatus to penalize those who went against anything they put forward. In this way, some races were regarded as inferior and some superior. Through this, races did not have equal access or opportunities in life since they were restricted by their skin colour.
This system was called Apartheid, and as a result of it, racial discrimination became institutionalized. During this period, gross violations of human rights were abundant. An example of this is the events that occurred on the 21st march 1960. On this day communities from Sharpeville and Langa embarked on a peaceful protest against the pass laws. Unfortunately, 180 people were wounded and the police shot and killed 69 of the protestors, many of which were killed while fleeing.
The apartheid according to Merriam Webster was a racial segregation; specifically: a former policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa. In the novel Cry, The Beloved Country, we see the apartheid in an early stage. We see prejudice thinking in Johannesburg when Kumalo arrives. We see the miserable lives black people have compared to the comfortable lives white people have. “And some cry for the cutting up of South Africa without delay into separate areas, where white can live without black, and black without white, where black can farm their own land and mine their own minerals and administer their own land” (Paton 109).
In South Africa, family life and the way one cares for their family is influenced by issues of race, class and gender. Socio-political issues like apartheid have shaped the family life in South Africa over the years. Apartheid was a system of control, put in place by the white minority government to oppress non-whites by treating them like animals and also in the process, breaking up their families. Apartheid had an effect on family life in South Africa. It regulated many things like families and the hierarchy in South Africa (Bray, Gooskens, Moses, Kahn, Seeking, 2010: 48).
He grows up facing the everyday struggles that apartheid brings. Apartheid is a social system in South Africa in which black people did not have the same political and economic rights as white people. Mark’s constant struggle with the law, opportunities available, and the permanent scar left from apartheid, forced him to mature at a young age, and eventually