There are many methods to produce bio materials such as physical method, chemical method etc. By means of appropriate selection of bio materials and producing technique depending on the area of installation of biomaterials the effectiveness of bio materials can be improved. Depending on the behavior of bio materials towards host organism and their mechanical behavior, bio materials can be installed in areas such as Joint replacements, Bone plates, Bone cement, Artificial ligaments and tendons, Dental implants for tooth fixation, Blood vessel prostheses, Heart valves, Skin repair devices (artificial tissue), Cochlear replacements, Contact lenses, Breast implants, Drug delivery mechanisms, Sustainable materials, Vascular grafts, Stents, Nerve conduits, Surgical sutures, clips, and staples for wound closure, etc. Though the material is bio compatible the same material cannot be used for all the application. Commonly bones will be replaced by titanium and its alloy and composite materials.
After surgery, the orthopaedic surgeon will continue to have contact with the patient with follow-up visits and follow the patient’s progress through rehabilitation. Both orthopaedic spine surgeons and neurosurgeons may further specialize. For example, some neurosurgeons specialize in brain surgery, while some orthopaedic spine surgeons specialize in pediatric spinal surgery. Both neurosurgeons and orthopaedic spine surgeons are qualified to treat back and neck problems. However it is important to understand each considered surgeon’s sub-specialty.
Medical devices are an integral part in a healthcare facility. Medical devices are essential for the smooth running of the healthcare facility as it aids in the examination, diagnosis and treatment of the patients. Medical devices can be generally classified into Diagnostic, Therapeutic and supportive. Diagnostic devices are those that aid the physician in accurate or near accurate diagnosis of the patient and make it easier for the early detection of diseases in patients. Diagnostic devices usually include equipment’s such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI, Mammography etc.
Cosmetic surgeries can vary from breast augmentations, breast reductions, liposuction, and facelifts. Reconstructive surgeries deal with facial, head, neck, and hand reconstructive surgery as well as burns and other trauma-related deformities. Prescribe Medication Patients may need to be prescribed pre- or post-surgery medication depending on the necessary procedure. The most common type of medications prescribed by plastic surgeons are painkillers such as Vicodin or Percocet. Other medications that are commonly prescribed are sedatives and antibiotics to help prevent infections after surgery.
It improves the visibility of specific organs, tissues or blood vessels and can enter the body through orally, through the IV line or administered by enema. During a CT scan, the cross- sectional images generated can be rearranged in multiple planes giving the possibility to produce 3D images. CT scanning allows radiologist and physicians to identify structures of interest and see their texture, size, density and shape. Besides providing essential information to determine if there is any abnormality present, this technique also shows the extent and location where the problem is situated. Although it may have some risks at hand, the primary focus of the CT scan is to be more medically effective as it has greatly improved in speed, resolution and patient
Its light weight property and corrosion resistance makes it attractive for number of applications including construction of watergoing vessels from rowboats , sail boats to large sea going ships.. Medical devices: Polymer matrix composites are currently being developed for medical implants. The impact of polymer matrix composites on orthopaedic devices is especially significant. Orthopedic devices having applications of composites including knees, hips, bone plates, and intramedullary nails. Carbon plates are used in bone surgery. Artificial legs are also made from epoxy
On request by the veterinarians, I can prepare the operating theatre, anaesthetic machine, dental machine and other necessary equipment for different types of surgical procedures as required. I am also able to correctly prepare a patient for a surgical procedure, which includes administering pre-medications, intubation and sterile preparation of the surgical site that consist of shaving and scrubbing of the surgical site. During surgical procedures, I have been able to properly monitor parameters of patients under general anaesthesia, such as heart rate, respiratory rate and capillary refill time etc. to ensure optimum patient safety. I have also mastered the technique of opening sterile surgical packs while maintaining sterility of the instruments and surgical field.
and robotic systems can be develop and designed to help assist in hospitals. The A.I. and robotic systems can be placed to help doctors and nurses due to the systems having the ability to learn and understand how the hospital works. The artificial intelligence can additionally learn how to see if something is wrong with a patient 's body. For example the artificial intelligence can be in “clinical support, patient monitoring and also surgery”(Rakheja para 16).