Ogden, Jane, The biopsychosocial model, Unit 1: An introduction to the key theoretical frameworks of psychology and health. “The psychology of health and illness,” page 7. Retrieved from https://my.uopeople.edu/pluginfile.php/249127/mod_page/content/20/Ogden%20-%20The%20Psychology%20of%20Health%20and%20Illnessbk.pdf Hampson, S. E., Edmonds, G. W., Goldberg, L. R., Dubanoski, J. P., & Hillier, T. A. (2015). A Lifespan Behavioral Mechanism Relating Childhood Conscientiousness to Adult Clinical Health.
This approach is far more useful for reducing health inequalities. Although, this is not to say that the social-ecological model should exist alone. Rather, both models appear to work in conjunction with one another, even if the medical model has been the subject of a great deal of criticism. More accurately, the social-ecological model has incorporated the medical model for the sake of optimisation. Policy-makers rely on the medical model in developing effective socio-ecological health policy.
This model views health and illnesses within a social context, where it seeks to create an understanding of the onset of the disease, illness or behaviour. This model also emphasises the “promotion and maintenance of health through the socio-environmental and behavioural changes.” (Gilbert, Selikow, & Walker, 2010) Smoking is a key example of the difference between private and public troubles as stated by Mills (1968) in his book, The Sociological Imagination. (Gilbert, Selikow, & Walker, 2010) Fitzpatrick (1986) also
Individuals in all their biopsychosocial complexity interact with the environment, progressively transforming the environment and transforming in time. 6. Health professionals are part of the interpersonal environment, which influences people throughout their useful lives. 7. Self-initiated reconfiguration of interactive person-environment patterns is essential for behavior
What is Biopsychology and Brain Plasticity? In General Psychology, there are 5 distinct main approaches which include Psychoanalysis, Humanistic Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Behaviorism, and Biopsychology. Among these 5 approaches, Biopsychology touches the most on the effects of the internal parts of the human body, which include the nervous systems and neurotransmitters, on human behaviour, thinking, and emotions. It is basically a combination of neuroscience and psychology. To better understand Biopsychology, one has to learn about the three most crucial parts, which are the brain, neurotransmitters, and the nervous system.
Importance of sociological perspective in healthcare professions Sociology is the study of human society, culture and relationships on a group level, It covers a range of diverse subjects on a micro and macro level. it 's purpose is understanding why humans behave in a certain way and how they perceive their surroundings. Using and understanding Sociology as a healthcare proffessional can be very useful, it leads to better understanding of the sector. It will change the way you look at the healthcare sector and provide you with new insights. There are three major sociological prespectives on healthcare, one which cover the micro level of anaylsis and two cover the macro level of analysis.
The biopsychosocial model, or (BPS), focuses on how biological, psychological and social/environmental factors affect an individual and also how these factors interact with each other. Many methods focus on one factor or one influence, the BPS addresses a wide array of factors and influences that impact physical and mental health. The biological component of this theory examines aspects of biology that influence health. The psychological component in this model “examines psychological components, things like thoughts, emotions, or behaviors. The social/environmental component of this model examines social factors that might influence the health of an individual, things like our interactions with others, our culture, or our economic status.
The biomedical model focuses on the biological aspects of disease and illness. It is practised by health professionals including doctors and is related with the diagnosis, cure and treatment of disease. The biomedical model suggests that health is seen as being in the absence of disease. It states that health professionals are needed in order to cure illnesses and the primary purpose of health services such as the NHS is to cure illnesses. The biomedical model feels that health professionals should use scientifically tested methods to diagnose and cure disease.
The biopsychosocial framework is used to examine human development by systematically considering the four complex interactions of an individual. The four interactions are the biological forces, psychological forces, social forces, and the life-cycle forces. There are unique combinations of forces among every individual that are necessary for their development. Each phase of a person’s life can be appreciated thoroughly by encompassing the four developmental forces while contemplating the distinctive characteristics of each phase of life (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2016). To analyze this personal story, this biopsychosocial framework will be used as well as the life-span
Limitations of Biomedical Model No doubt that due to the emergence of biomedical model, there was a significant advancement in diagnosing and treating the communicable diseases which were the major cause for mortality at that time. But the biological model has the following shortcomings: a) Ignoring social and psychological factors Powles (1973) observed that the biomedical model neglected social and psychological factors that play an important role in the development of a disease. According to Rene Dubos (1959) development of disease is a complex phenomenon and it is caused by a numbers of factors such as physical environment, food and nutrition, and stress as compared to biological