As the name suggests The Medical Model of disability mainly looks at the many varying causes of disabilities and searches for treatments within a structured, procedural and, some would say, very clinical manner. The Medical Model finds issues though rigorous testing done by specialists and relies on a definite diagnosis of a patient who can then be treated with medical and rehab. It places disability in the category of an illness or an incapacity and can be very broad in its thinking. “With the medical model, the ‘problem’ is seen to lie with the person with the disability” and “the person is seen by this model as abnormal and remains so until the condition is cured” (E. Flood, 2013)
The Biopsychosocial Model The biopsychosocial model of health care allows medical practice to be understood completely in terms of biological, psychological and social factors. The model suggests that every illness can be explained and treated by an interaction between these three factors. The model was proposed by George L. Engel, the Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester, where he challenged the previously prevailing medical model, called the biomedical model, and argued for the introduction of a biopsychosocial model. The biomedical model had viewed illness purely from a pathophysiological perspective, suggesting that every disease could be explained from a biological standpoint.
The garbage can and willful choice decision-making models act as strategies for healthcare leaders to assess problems and deliver solutions. The concepts focus on a rational view (willful choice) and realistic view (garbage can) of decision making amongst organizational chaos. While both exist to support the decision process, there are stark differences in methodology. The purpose of this essay is to define both models in a healthcare context with a focus on the pros and cons of each along with an analysis of the core similarities and differences. Willful or rational choice is a decision-making model that emphasizes order and an analytical approach in determining solutions.
Clinical Psychology as a Speciality in Medical Set Up Advances in the biomedical and the behavioral sciences have paved the way for the integration of medical practice towards the biopsychosocial approach. This means that disease and well being is not considered only as medical or biological state rather the Psychological aspect is very significantly involved. Psychology as a behavioral health discipline is the key to the biopsychosocial practice, and plays a major role in understanding the concept of health and illness. The clinical role of psychologists as health providers is diverse with the varying areas of care giving (primary, secondary and tertiary care) and a variety of subspecialties.
In this paper, it will be proven that equipoise, specifically clinical equipoise, is valid through the comparisons of the different types of equipoise and the focus on trust relationships. However, it will be made evident that clinical equipoise fails to acknowledge the patient’s autonomy because of the high focus on the medical research aspect. For research to be valid, it must consider beneficence. Brody and Miller believe that researchers must respect autonomy for the research to be ethical. This is because the patient does not receive any benefits from participating in the trial, which is known as therapeutic misconception (Miller and Brody, 2003, 100).
As a result, the healthcare system and practitioners become aware of the need to review patient care. Some countries have seen the need for a change but focus on external factors rather than caring. However, Watson implies, that the state of been different is to focus on competent, compassionate, knowledgeable, and caring nurses and health practitioners. (Watson.p.471).
In my field, I will need to know why certain people behave the way they do in order to help them as well as understand their mental disorders and the processes that come with them. I will have to use the concept of functionalism to help the patients and people I work with to decide the best way to approach each person to their individual
There have been, and will be, other distributions of illness." He implies that there is an interpretive grid of medical perception and it involves specific configuration. Hence the questions like "where does it hurt?" do not fit in that grid. Foucault talked about classificatory medicine as in primary spatialization-the individual body, secondary spatialization-the presence of disease in the human body, and tertiary spatialization-social network in which disease and its management takes
They can result from the various processes involved in treatment: prescribing, dispensing, administering the medication and monitory of treatment. In addition, there are several factors contributing to medication errors in hospitals. They include individual staff errors and system errors. There are many dangers resulting from medication error on the patient. They include deterioration of health status of the individual, increased financial expenses (as there is possibility of longer stay in the hospital) and development of medical complications.
In addition to the six factors that influence the making of a health care decision, various demographic factors like age, sex, race, social class, education, employment status, knowledge and experience play a role in how a person perceives the urgency of taking proper action to deal with his health condition. Failure to Change Behaviours The top reasons for failure to change lifestyle behaviour are perceived susceptibility and barriers to change. A person who feels that he is highly vulnerable of being afflicted is more likely to pay attention to any health message.
Unit 14 resub: Alternative health approaches to health care are analysed using a broad range of of research to get various concepts and understanding of the CAM therapies. In 1986 Aakster did a research on how CAM therapies varied fro the traditional biomedical treatments. In his conclusion he found three models that suited medical perspective as listed below; (ii). The pharmaceutical model believes that disease is treated using technology and drugs. (ii).