The theory is very pro-active and requires law enforcement officers to recognize, not ignore, offense and deal with it. Offenses such as graffiti, loitering, soliciting, parking violation, traffic driving, truancy, and abandoned property are minor offenses that grow into larger problems that can transform a good neighborhood into a chaotic neighborhood within the span of 10 years. However, there are a lot of disadvantages to the broken window theory. The first disadvantages to the broken windows theory is the zero-tolerance policy. Zero tolerance policing relies on the premise that the more arrests made by officers for minor crimes contributing to community disorder, the less severe crime that community will have to
Deterrence philosophy reason for sentencing is defined as a philosophy that crime can be prevented through the threat of punishment. Incapacitation philosophy is defined as a philosophy that crime can be prevented by detaining wrongdoers in prison thereby separating them from the community and reducing criminal opportunities. Finally rehabilitation philosophy is defined as the philosophy that society is best served when offenders are provided the resources to get rid of criminal activity from their daily behavior patterns. Retribution just holds the severity of the crime against the guilty and is aimed at pleasing the society as whole party rather than just the victim/s. Deterrence uses other criminals as examples for the community to be discouraged from crime. There are two types of deterrence, general deterrence is punishing one person that has committed a crime,
However, the severity of punishments and the methods used by the law were beneficial and practical and they helped to reduce the amount of crime in England. The article “Crime and Punishment in the Elizabethan Era” expresses that crime was an issue in Elizabethan England, and a threat to the stability of society. To maintain order the penalties for committing minor crimes were generally punished with some form of public humiliation. For major crimes including thievery, murder, and treason those convicted were put to death. The sheer ruthlessness of the punishments discourage any sort of crime as they will scare the citizens into never breaking the law in fear of the consequences.
The NYPD’s critics object, in particular, to the department’s long-standing practice of maintaining order in public spaces. This practice, widely referred to as Broken Windows or quality-of-life or order-maintenance policing, asserts that, in communities contending with high levels of disruption, maintaining order not only improves the quality of life for residents; it also reduces opportunities for more serious crime. Indeed, the Broken Windows metaphor is one of deterioration: a building where a broken window goes unrepaired will soon be subject to far more extensive vandalism—because it sends a message that the building owners (and, by extension, the police) cannot or will not control minor crimes, and thus will be unable to deter more serious
Focus on the offenders who pose a greater threat of continuing crime. Time should be spent on higher risk offenders versus spending time trying to focus treatment on lower risk offenders. There are two types of offenders, acute and stable. An acute risk factor means they can change quickly and stable means they take longer to change. Intensive treatment for lower risk offenders can cause pro-social disruption, more violations, and can lead to anti-social activity.
Police officers that make wrong choices tend to be less appreciated by the society, those who make the use of discretion effectively tend to have a positive impact in the community. The article Organizational-level police discretion states that, “officers with a great deal of discretion at their disposal may allow biases to affect their decision making. Such biases could convince an officer that one suspect is more dangerous than another, prompting preemptive use of lethal force, and many of these biases invoke extralegal factors, such as race (Nowacki, 2015, Pg. 646).” Teaching these officers how and when to use discretion is crucial because it will allow them to apply certain strategies to different cases. Officers understand that not all situations will always be easy, either some may be dangerous; others can be simply misunderstandings between cases.
The safety of the community is crucial and attempting to deam stop and frisk as unconstitutional limits law enforcement. There is much controversy on how it can target a certain group or race but I believe the goal of any police is to deter crime when implementing stop and frisk. I believe stop and frisk can help reduce crimes and eliminate potential crime in a city, neighborhood, or street. Boyette, C., & Martinez, M. (2013).
The Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Proponents of restorative justice contend that it is more likely than retributive justice to reduce the incidence of crime because of its central concern for the safety of victims. The studies have demonstrated that restorative justice can have a reductive effect in certain cases and can change the behaviour of offenders. On the whole, however, there is more evidence that restorative justice is effective in reducing either the frequency or severity of reoffending for juveniles than in the case of adult offenders. Conclusion and
Illegal immigrants are more likely not to report any crimes for fear of deportation. Police agencies have enacted policies to reduce the liability placed on them because of incident of discrimination. These polices protect the department and they also help them with the relationships they have with their
Stop and frisk is a crucial problem that the police department goes through. Stop and frisk is when an officer suspects that someone is carrying a weapon or something illegal and will pat them down it helps the police officers to prevent a crime before it happens. “It offers the potential of reducing crime over the long-term. When crime can be proactively stopped, then, the crime rates in our neighborhoods can be reduced over a more extensive period”( 12 Racial Profiling Pros and Cons). With the police officers stopping more people, they believe individuals are not going to want to carry drugs on them since they know officers can stop them.
Breaking Windows does help minority communities in fixing the cracked window so that more serious problems do not occur in future. Residents start to change their perceptions on the community in an effort to stay safe. As drunkards, rowdy teenagers, panhandlers, prostitutes, and addicts make way into the neighborhood, it represents that community is unable to emphasize on informal public control and residents become worried on worse happenings. Broken window clearly describes people and their relations with the world. The Theory can be seen as molding the space for minority communities as the respect and attitude of the public generate spaces that are applied for specific purposes by minorities.
When a non law abiding citizen commits a crime, we the people of the community wants to see some actions taken by the law enforcement officers. When the people see such action being taken and the drug and violence comes to a low, the people feel a little safer in the community in which they live in. However, if the police officer does their part and arrest these destruction law offenders, but the court system has a different approach in the crimes that are being committed in our neighborhoods, why ask the people to work along side with the law enforcement officers? The “get tough” approach on crime has pros and cons to mandatory and minimum sentencing.
The main purpose for our criminal justice system should be to stop future crime. General deterrence would be a good way to set an example to communities who disobey the law. Allowing bystanders to see the punishments of crime will instill fear into them, causing them not to repeat the crime they witness. Specific deterrence allows for criminals to still be in society, but every time they think about doing something illegal they will have a negative feeling. These method focusses on educative function allowing people to learn from their mistakes and preventing further complications.
Garrett Runager Hensley English 11/ 7th Period 02 February 2017 Part 1: Plot Summary ? The Boarded Window? is a story of an old man who lived in an isolated Ohio cabin during the days of the western frontier. The man named Murlock appears older than he really is but has never been seen by the narrator. One day, Murlock is found dead in his cabin with only one door and one window. But the window was boarded up, leading the reader to wonder why.