Advantages Of Community Policing

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Community Policing Applied in Several Large Cities Chicago In 1993, Chicago’s Mayor introduced the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS) as a community policing program (Lurigio & Skogan, 2000). The CAPS program consisted of six basic features to reduce crime. The first feature required police officers to develop partnerships with community members and to know crime hot spots, community organizations, and community resources in their beats. The second feature involved making police officers responsible for crime control in specific locations. The third feature involved creating a system that differentiated between emergency and non-emergency calls for assistance, and, thus, allowed the department to prioritize its responses. The fourth feature involved focusing on the root causes of neighborhood problems, such as building decay. The fifth feature involved making the police officers responsible for effectively using community organizations and other city agencies to resolve crime. Finally, the sixth feature involved efficiently collecting crime data, analyzing the data at the district level, and then sharing the information among the street officers. Indeed, the CAPS program was designed to increase police officer presence, to improve police officer response to crime, and to reduce crime by addressing the root causes of crime. Houston In an effort to reduce local drug problems, the Houston Police Department employed a type of community policing called
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