Democracy is the concept of freedom and respect of one 's rights based on the idea that monarchies or didctatorships have no more place within societies of the XXI siecle. In fact, people living within a community do not need superior authority to respect and beheive according the social norms. Participative democracy in my own opinion would be the key or the expression of a the best set of democratic institutions The European continent where democracy was born in the twentieth century has undergone multiple totalitarianism. Democratic fields is therefore limited to the implementation of a set of safeguards preventing the arrival in power of leaders against the will of the majority. But the democratic idea can not be satisfied and must find
In another word Direct democracy, which is a form of government that all citizens decide policy by voting, had first applied in ancient Greece in the 5th century BC. At that period, democracy was not absolute “democracy”; women, foreigner and slaves had no right to participate in politics. Due to the modern-era, this circumstance got a bit of change. All the citizens in Switzerland had no restriction to vote. They vote on any politics issues from the smallest to the biggest in harmony.
Is democracy the best form of government? It is mainly focused on the power of the people. A democracy is all about forming, managing, and collecting knowledge. If Athens becomes a democratic place, it will develop into a successful city-state because of it and the people, as they will be the ones ruling it. Democracy is successful since it organizes useful knowledge, making it both innovational and educational.
These elections must be held on the basis of universal, equal and secret suffrage so that all voters can choose their representatives in conditions of equality, openness and transparency that stimulate political competition” (Inter-Parliamentary Council 1997). Therefore the first element of the political structure one must examine when seeking to determine to what extent the Roman Republic was a democracy is the voting system and how it was implemented both in theory and in practice. If a voting system was not utilised there would be no argument, but as it stands, the mere presence of a voting procedure is not quite sufficient evidence of true democracy. To ascertain the full extent of Rome’s democratic tendencies one must examine the voting system in somewhat greater
The idea that the people come first and the idea that people should rule the government and furthermore that the government was for all the people and not just the people in power. Communist and democrats also agree that they were against complete and total government authority and tried to remove the power of authority and that They were for a society where everyone was treated alike. Not everyone in a democratic environment would agree that democracy is fairly ran this way because of the minority- majority rule of thought, however the basis for both structures was supposed to establish the power to the people. It is safe to say that another definite similarity is the fact that the people of each denomination still question methods of the governmental controls and just how much power the people
Contra arguments Many scholars believe that direct democracy pave the way for citizens to give their opinion directly to formulate policy makings. Though it has a lot of advantages but many scholars outline the drawbacks of the direct democracy. Feld & Matsusaka (2000) found that cantons with mandatory referendums spend significantly less than other cantons based on panel data for all 26 cantons from 1980 to 1998. The estimate that the presence of a mandatory referendum with a spending threshold of 2.5 million Swiss francs (the sample median) is associated with 19% less expenditure per capita, holding constant other determinants of spending such as income. The magnitude of this effect is remarkably large, and suggests that the spending choices of Swiss legislators are far from the preferred policy of the median voter.
The Swiss legislature is bicameral in character. The upper house- Council of states represents the cantons on equal basis as that of the Senate of USA. It is a small house Consists of 44 members. The lower chamber is the National Council, which consists of 200 members. Both these houses are kept on a par with each other in respect of their powers.
As a form of government it often describes a process of voting, on elections or referendums, through which laws are passed, representing the entire populace (Biorseth, 2013). This direct democracy or majority rule, as described above, is only capable of representing a very small population; and to the framers of the American Constitution, looked very similar to mob rule. To avoid this direct democracy, or “tyranny of majority” as they called it, Americas founding fathers decided on a Constitutional Republic, and as designed, was meant to put
The Swiss government has taken great strides to preserve and respect minority languages, and promote bilingual education in effort to capitalize on their multiculturalism. To understand Switzerland’s language policies, one must understand the basic tenets of their federalist government and how it is structured. Switzerland is a country which prides itself on its multiculturalism and took steps to avoid becoming a homogenous society by enacting policies that encouraged political power sharing between the groups and peaceful conflict resolution through negotiation. Each of the 26 cantons has explicit rights of self-governance in all areas which are not specifically stated in the Constitution. This means the federal government plays a minor role in decision-making, leaving each canton to govern itself regarding language policies and planning.
Direct democracy is all the power places in the hands of individual. When a political decisions must be made, all members of a polity stick together and individually have a vote. Representative democracy is to set up a medium political actor between the individual and the policy outputs of the state. Through the election, people are elected and assigned with the task of making decisions on behalf of the group of citizens that they represent. Democracy in Malaysia Malaysia is a federation of 13 states which is operating within a constitutional monarchy under the Westminster parliamentary system and also known as a representative democracy.