Advantages Of Extremophiles To Temperature

1710 Words7 Pages
Norhan Abaalkhail
Adaptation strategies of extremophiles to high temperature
Dr. Volodymyr Dvornyk

The point of this research is to discuss the adjustment and adaption of the amusing organisms that occupy extreme and harsh environment, these organisms are know as Extremophiles (The name, first used in 1974 in a paper by a scientist named R.D. MacElroy, literally means extreme-loving). Extremophiles are organisms that were found on earth that can survive in habitats that were once thought not to carry on life, and they are basically prokaryotic with wide majority of microbes mainly archea and bacteria with slight eukaryotic examples but also protists, and fungi.
Additionally Larger organisms like insects, frogs, worms,
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As known, some thermophiles are industrially valuable because they secrete kinds of bioenzymes and biofuels. It should be recognized that the process of enzyme production and carbohydrate degradation is possibly the process of environmental adaptation.

Extremophiles is one of the most inspiring and wonderful organisms created with very special characteristics not shared with any other organisms available.
They can resist high and low pressure, high and low temperatures, high radiation, high saltiness and high dryness.
Thermophile, type of Extremophile, those, which are capable of very extremely high temperatures that other organisms cannot tolerate 41 and 122 °C (106 and 252 °F) and have special strategies to out go and survive including different and unusual lipid membranes and Chaperonin proteins that increase in high temperature to help fold the misfolded proteins.
Thermophiles are mostly archea, yet there are some bacteria known.
There are Hyperthermophiles which can thrive in temperatures above 80 °C (176 °F).
A type of hyperthermophilic archaea is the Sulfolobus solfataricus and Sulfolobus

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