Advantages Of Higher Education In Latin America

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Higher Education in Latin America Higher education is the next stage of formal education after completing secondary education, and this stage is an optional one. The United Nations International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 states in Article 13, Section 2c that “higher education shall be made equally accessible to all, on the basis of capacity, by every appropriate means, and in particular by the progressive introduction of free education”. According to UNESCO 2014 Regional Report about Education for All in Latin America and the Caribbean, there were a rapid increase in higher education enrolment rate in the region, predominantly in the period of 2000 to 2010. The higher education enrolment rate increased for about 40% from 2000 to 2010. Also, 10% of young people in the age cohort of 25 to 29 had completed five years of higher education in 2010, compared to 7% in 2000. This is an achievement in the education sector of the government and the nation. Brazil is one of the countries in the region to implement a nationwide university admission examination that happens every October of the year. However, this official university admission examination just started in 2009. Traditionally, every university in Brazil have their own entrance exam, known as vestibular. Vestibular is a test, with one or two stages, where topics imparted during the secondary education were applied and asked. Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio or ENEM was another entrance exam
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