The Hydraulic Drilling Process

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ABSTRACT ON HYDRAULIC PRESSES
The term paper is about the hydraulic presses, which have been used for a long time . The discussion starts with the principle on which it works i.e.(PASCAL’S LAW).Hydraulic press advantages have also been discussed it talks about its good performance and reliability. This has been explained with the help of a GAP FRAME PRESS. Types of presses like (Arbor press , C press, Laminating press, Pneumatic press, Power press) is also one of the topic of the discussion of the term paper. Later on, we have included the benefits of hydraulic presses and lastly, we have talked about the recent development in the field of presses, i.e, how the introduction of PROGRAMMING PRESSES have lead to more precision and accuracy ,
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It is true that this process is nearly 50-60 years old but the modern horizontal drilling technique has made it one of much anticipated topic. The complete process of fracturing along with horizontal drilling is discussed in the term paper. The amazing thing about this process is that the whole process requires investment for 4-5 months and it results into production for 20-40 years. Various benefits of horizontal drilling in fracturing process have also been discussed in the paper. Later in the paper, various environment issues are discussed with the hydraulic fracturing. Since the process involves drilling it has become a hot environment discussion topic. The escalating controversy in recent years regarding the various impacts this drilling technique has raised important public concerns that must be addressed. These problems range from the toxic chemicals used, to their impact on the environmental and human health which further expands to gas leaks, waste management, and the various hydrofracking operations on the land. The future of hydraulic fracturing is discussed in the concluding pages along with the scope of the process in present and the future. At last there is a discussion whether the process should be continued or it should be…show more content…
This creates create small fractures in the deep rock formations. The technique is very common in wells for shale gas, tight gas, tight oil, and coal seam gas and hard rock wells. Shale formations need to be ‘stimulated’ before wells drilled into them can effectively produce gas. Stimulation is done by ‘hydraulic fracturing’, which is injecting water along with the chemical additives at a very high pressure into the wellbore so as to create fractures in order to increase the rock permeability. This drilling technique has produced so much oil and gas beneath the soil that we are at the brink of something once thought unattainable: true energy independence. Just as the internet boom was driven by the discovery and marriage of two technology- digitization and broadband delivery, so, too, the new energy bonanza been driven by parallel advances in fracking and horizontal drilling. The first fracturing experiment was in 1947 and it was accepted commercially in 1950. This process is quiet common in USA. But such a drastic increase in the fracturing process is met at the cost of environment. Ground and water both have been contaminated by the extensive use of the above process. As a result of which a few government regulations have been introduced too. Some of the US agencies that regulate the fracing process are-(EPA)
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