Today they would be free, and Icarus would finally fulfill his destiny. The boy rounded the final corner; he was just outside Daedalus’s workshop. He knew that it was noon, because the walls of the maze cast shallow shadows during this time. For a brief moment Icarus admired the sun and the warmth it extended over his body. He was mesmerized by its beauty.
But I ignored their counsel, though that course would have avoided many griefs for us” (Homer 176) . Odysseus's leadership skills improve through the challenges he faces in the book, especially after the Cyclops incident. He thought it would be a good idea to wait so he could finally face and see the cyclops instead of to escape while they could, like his men wanted to. Due to Odysseus's curiosity his men weren't able to escape when they had the chance to and had to suffer being held hostage because of Odysseus's poor leadership skills. Another way Odysseus showed horrible leadership in the beginning was when he put himself before his crewman stating, “I asked my comrades to cast lots to see which men would dare to lift that stake with me and grind it into the Cyclops’ eye when sweet sleep overtook him” (Homer 179).
He shows this quality throughout the six books. One example is in Book 10. When his comrades are losing hope of getting back to Ithaca, he tells them,”O friends, however sad, let’s not descend to Hades’s halls before our destined day. No, just as long as there is food and drink in our swift ship, forget your fears of starving (Mandelbaum, Book X, pg. 196).” In Book 16, Odysseus had arrived on Ithaca, and plotted with his son Telemachus to kill the suitors who were trying to marry his wife, Penelope, for the past 20 years.
The previous quote also shows that Odysseus has a very good reputation with the gods, and it is also the reason that Odysseus escaped the island. The tribulation at sea continues at the beginning of book V with Athena talking to Zeus in the presence of all the other gods except Poseidon about Odysseus returning to his home, Ithaca.
Greek Myths are chronicled centuries ago in which in the denouement, the story will never leave a good ending. In the greek myth of Icarus; Icarus and his father, Daedalus, construct wings and puts them on. Daedalus exhorted that if Icarus were to fly near the sun, the wax that binds the wings together will melt and he will fall. During the flight, Icarus flies near the sun due to excessive excitement and the wax melts and Icarus falls to his death. In Malcolm X’s Autobiography, Malcolm names the fifteenth chapter, “Icarus”.
Odysseus shows the characteristic of leadership many times throughout The Odyssey. Soon after leaving Troy, Odysseus and his crew find themselves on the Island of the Lotus Eaters. When three of his men lose their will to go home from the effects of the lotus, Odysseus takes action. “I drove them, all three wailing, to the ships, tied them down under their rowing benches, and called the rest:
In this scene, Daedalus warns Icarus to fly at a medium height to avoid damage to his wings. However, Icarus might not know where a moderate height would be, which would mean there might be a high risk in this bold action. “...arrived safely in Sicily…” (90). In this quote, Daedalus is successful in his bold escape from King Minos. If Daedalus had not been daring, he would never been able to escape from Crete.
In the beginning of the book Odysseus is impulsive and arrogant. After Odysseus blinds and defeats the Cyclops, he cannot contain himself. Out of pure impulsiveness and the inability to be humble, Odysseus yells out to the Cyclops, “If any man on the face of the earth should ask you/ who blinded you, shamed you do so–say Odysseus,/raider of cities, he gouged out your eye,/Laertes’ son who makes his home in Ithaca!” (Homer 9.556-562). Odysseus is so impulsive he has to scream out his name to the gods and the Cyclops. Odysseus’ impulse overtakes his actions, and rather than waiting for the right time to do something, he cannot contain himself and must get it out.
In the second stanza, Auden directly addresses this painting and is thorough in his description of it. In it, Icarus, a figure of Greek mythology that flies too close to the sun, falls into the sea since his wings had molten. He crashes, “the white legs disappearing into the green water” (lines 18-19), yet none of the bystanders, neither “the ploughman” who has “heard the splash, the forsaken cry” (lines 15-16) nor “the expensive delicate ship that must have seen something amazing” (lines 19-20) come to his rescue to save him from drowning. The ploughman’s attitude towards the fall, since “for him it was not an important failure” (line 17) further trivializes the tragic proceedings. Even the sun, responsible for Icarus’ fall, is depicted as showing indifference towards Icarus’ fate through an apparent obligation because it “shone as it had to” (line 17-18).
Albert Camus, the author of the Myth of Sisyphus, states that Sisyphus’s cannot reach happiness in his meaningless, absurd situation. Although ones life is absurd at times and may seem meaningless, knowing that the world and fate is what we make of it. Finding happiness is