Economic growth means an increase in real GDP. This increase in real GDP means there is an increase in the value of national output / national expenditure. The benefits of economic growth include: Higher average incomes. This enables consumers to enjoy more goods and services and enjoy better standards of living. Lower unemployment With higher output and positive economic growth firms tend to employ more workers creating more employment UK unemployment rises during a recession – falls during periods of economic growth.
It affects the distribution of real income, people on fixed incomes suffer as the purchasing power of their incomes decrease as price levels rise. Secondly, purchasing power od households on fixed income decline, as inflation tends to result in more unequal distribution of income as those on lower incomes find their wages do not rise as quickly as those on higher incomes. In times of high inflation household tend to purchase real assets that retain their real value since their prices rise faster than the inflation rate. Finally, another negative impact is the income tax earners suffer from fiscal drag pay rises to combat inflation put them into higher marginal tax brackets. This means as employees’ nominal wages increase with inflation their real wage (purchasing power of nominal wages) may remain constant.
1.Definition of the macroeconomic variable a) Economic Growth A rise in the capacity of an economy to produce goods and services, compared from one period of time to another. Economic growth can be considered in nominal terms, which contain inflation, or in real terms, which are adjusted for inflation. The increase of an economy is thought of not only as an increase in productive capacity but also as a development in the quality of life to the people of that economy.Increase in the capital stock, advances in technology, and improvement in the quality and level of literacy are considered to be the principalcauses of economic growth. Two main factors of Economic growth are an increase in aggregate demand and aggregate supply. b) Inflation
Trading company must be profitable. Not only that, all the businesses produce lots of product and because of employment rate is higher, economics growth rapidly. To prevent saving money in a bank, the central bank conducts a monetary policy and low interest rate encourage people to spend more money. Fiscal policy is conducted too. As was When Government expenditure cut for trying to stop stagflation that causes of economic down turn in stagflation, it is important to stimulate the supply side for that company have to create a new effective machine and reduce cost of manufacturing then aggregate demand of other countries will up.
High national debt means that there is little economic growth. The national debt is an issue my generation will face and debt will continue to get larger, this is an important issue and could get smaller with expanding GDP, causing an increase in economic growth and prevent the creation of offshore accounts made by corporations. One way to cut the national debt is to expand GDP, the gross domestic product is the best way to measure the country’s economy. It
An expansion of the economy brings about a corresponding increase in quantity demanded for normal goods while a contraction in the economy causes a decline in the demand for the normal goods. On the contrary, the demand for inferior goods is not recurrent (Pech 24). The more the positive value for income elasticity of demand for a product is, the more sensitive consumer demand is to the fluctuations in national income. Banks can take advantage of the income elasticity of demand by analyzing the patterns in demand for money by its customers as their real income changes. Banks can provide customers with more credit cards should there be a period of economic expansion marked by a substantial increase in the income of customers (Hosek 5).
Cost-push inflation happens when we face higher prices due to the increase in cost of production and higher costs of raw materials. It is determined by supply side factors. Cost-push inflation can be caused by higher price of commodities, imported inflation, higher wages, higher taxes and higher food prices (Economics Help, 2011). Demand-pull inflation happens when there is an increase in the price of goods and services when demand increases too much that it outpaces supply (US Economy, 2015). Sometimes people refer it as “too much money chasing too few goods”.
The economic logic behind protectionist immigration agendas is that an increased population increases the labor supply and stops there. In this scenario, the equilibrium wage rate of labor supply and labor demand would be lower than the pre-immigration equilibrium wage rate, and the logic holds. Instead, separating scenario from real-world application would present previously unaccounted for effects. Being so, what actually occurs is as follows. As before, as the population increases with immigration, the labor supply would also increase, but the increased population would also lead to increased consumer spending and demand (i.e.
Influence of inflation on growth velocity of the money explained due to the fact that buyers increase their purchases in order to protect themselves from the economic losses owing to the decrease in purchasing power of money. The coefficient of monetization The important indicator of status of money supply step forth the coefficient of monetization that is equal to: C=M2/GDP The coefficient of monetization permits to answer if there is enough money in circulation. It shows how much GDP provided with money (or how much money is there for $ GDP). In developed countries this coefficient come to 0,6 or even close to
With higher production costs and productivity at it maximum, companies cannot maintain profits by producing the same amounts of goods and services. As a consequence, the increased costs are passed on to customers, causing a rise in the overall price level (inflation). Demand-pull inflation occurs when there is an increase in collective demand, categorized by the four sections of the macro economy: governments, households, businesses and foreign buyers. When these four sectors at the same time want to purchase more output than suppliers can produce, buyers compete to acquire limited amounts of goods and services. Buyers then bid prices up, again and again, causing inflation.
If interest rates increase, it will become attractive to invest money in that country because investors will get a higher return from savings in that country’s banks. Therefore the currency demand will rise. But higher interest rates will have a negative impact on the country. This is due to the reduction in purchasing power of the consumer while the loan borrowers have to pay more interest. Foreign investors are attracted towards a country that has a strong economy.
Second, Reagan cut taxes for corporations and the wealthy-class. The theory of Reaganomics is tax relief for the rich would enable them to spend more money, save money in banks, and make investments. The additional spending from the rich, was supposed to help stimulate the economy and create new jobs. However, the opposite occurred and America suffered a deep recession in 1981-1982. In addition, the high interest rates caused the value of the dollar to rise on the international exchange market, thus American exports decreased and imports increased.