However, discharge of the brine produced by the RO desalination process results in many environmental adverse effects, due to the high concentrations of metals and salts. Recovery and removal of elements from RO brine would decrease environmental benefits and have economic gains in the production of valuable metals . Le Dirach et al.  are listed magnesium as element that potentially economically for extraction. 3) Extraction of lithium from salt lake brine and seawater is one of the main sources of lithium production.
Introduction Propionibacterium acnes or former Corynebacterium parvum is an important bacterial agent which acts as a multifunctional microorganism. This bacterium is seen in different parts of the human body; from conjunctivae, oral cavity, and nares to intestinal and respiratory tracts. The biochemical properties of P.acnes are related to the bacterial functions and activities. This bacterium is a slow growing Gram +ive, anaerobic and microaerophilic bacillus which is able to produce propionic acid as a fermentative microbial product. P.acnes populations cover 50% of the human skin normal flora; however, the number of populations differs in different part of the body.
Intrinsic and Engineered Bioremediation: A review A Aarthy(14BBT0093) firstname.lastname@example.org Vishal Joshi (14BBT0097) email@example.com Abstract: With the rise in waste production, we need methods to tackle them. The conventional methods just transfer the waste from one site to another. Bioremediation is one of the solutions for waste management which is environmental friendly, efficient and cost effective. It depends on the ability of living organisms to degrade the contaminants. Though intrinsic bioremediation processes are present, it is slow and has some drawbacks.
Fungi have pathogenic capebility for the biodegradation of undesirable materials or compounds and convert them into harmless, acceptable or useful products. Various fungal strains are known to degrade a wide variety of recalcitrant compounds, such as xenobiotics, lignin, and dyestuffs, with their extracellular enzymes. Many studies have also demonstrated that many fungal strains are capable of degrading various types of synthetic dyes such as azo, triphenyl methane, polymeric, phthalocyanine and heterocyclic dyes (Chulhwan et al., 2004). Many researchers used the lignolytic and nonlignolytic fungi for the decolorization of dye wastewater. The lignolytic white rot fungi are known to be the most efficient microorganisms for dye degradation.
2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2.1. Biogenic Amines: 2.1.1. Origin of biogenic amines: Pipek et al. (1992) recorded that biogenic amines are compounds commonly present in living organisms in which they are responsible for many essential functions. They are present in low concentrations in human, animals and plants for regulating functions, acting on the nervous system.
The result of iodine vapor consists of a violet color and a strong odor that is irritating to a human’s sense of smell. When a cold object such as an iron bar is placed into iodine’s vapor, iodine will sublime back to a solid. Iodine forms attractive, delicate, and metallic crystals, and holds a few properties of metals plus is only slightly dissolvable in water. Although iodine is essential for a human’s proper nutrition, contact with skin, can cause our skins to have grazes, and the vapor of the substance is vastly irksome for eyes and mucous membranes. Furthermore, iodine can be found in the forms of iodides in seawater and seaweeds that have the ease ability to absorb its compounds.
Introduction: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are a class of polyesters produced by several groups of bacteria under unbalanced growth conditions as a mechanism to store excess carbon and energy, and they occur as water-insoluble inclusions in the cells (Anderson and Dawes 1990; Zinn et al. 2001). These polyesters have garnered worldwide interest because they are biodegradable (Ho et al. 2002; Lenz and Marchessault 2005; Lim et al. 2005), biocompatible (Zinn et al.
The cause of water contamination, those chemicals, have several sources. The first source is the domestic sewage. It contains only 0.1 percent of pollutants, and 99.9 percent of water. Although it seems that the domestic sewage is somewhat harmless, the 0.1 percent of pollutants can pose a large risk on water body. The pollutants mainly comes from detergent, sanitary sewage, and waste.
The precipitation process creates solids from compounds that were once dissolved in solution, and these solids must be removed by filtration or sedimentation (Casiday et al 2008). However, this was the only variable that was tested. In order to increase the efficiency of the waste removal, mixing speeds and times, as well as resting times may be varied to reduce process time and efficiency. Also, depending on the setup of equipment and unique scenario, other chemicals may be preferable for inducing precipitation (EPA 2000). The ability to remove heavy metals, such as the Cu2+ ions in this experiment, is very important for water treatment applications.
have found to be beneficial probiotic organisms that provide outstanding therapeutic benefits. This biological activity of probiotic bacteria is due to their ability to attach to enterocytes. By a process of competitive exclusion, they inhibit the binding of enteric pathogens. The inclusion of probiotic bacteria in fermented dairy products improves their value as better supplement foods. However, inadequate sustainability and survival of these bacteria is a problem.