Advantages Of Migrant Education

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‘The main focus of migrant education [in Ireland] is first-generation immigrants’ (Taguma et al, 2009). First generation immigrants used in the context of this essay will imply those born in a foreign country but who have moved to a ‘new’ country. Both first and second generation migrants will be taken into account. It is important to discuss any cumulative disadvantage in the Irish education system that affects our migrants as Smyth et al (2009, cited in Darmody, 2011) ‘estimated that in 2007 the ethnic minority students, whose parents were not indigenous Irish, made up approximately 10% of the primary school-going population and 6% of the secondary population.’ This essay will look at how and why disadvantage manifests itself at different stages within our schools and colleges with particular reference to these students. The first…show more content…
David Gillborn, a professor at London University’s Institute of Education said ‘the problems affecting ethnic minority pupils cannot be understood without looking at institutionalised racism’ (Marley, 2008). Although concerned with the UK this quote is still relevant. Migrants may not relate to the institutional habitus. In some schools, teachers are allowed to choose the students that will be in their classes. If a teacher has inhibitions about migrants, they are unlikely to choose them and may suggest an ordinary level class. If a student is placed in an ordinary level class at the start e.g. second year of secondary school, it is virtually impossible to navigate out of it. According to Gillborn (2010, cited in Byrne, Darmody and McGinnity 2014), ‘initial choices made in terms of grouping students by ability may translate into cumulative disadvantage; they ‘compound inequity upon inequity until success can become literally

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