The Russian Revolution, which was started by Lenin and his followers, was a rebellion that occurred in 1917 which forced higher powers to act to the needs of the lower class. For instance, many citizens were worried for their protection in consequence to the lack of survival necessities due to an early drought. Furthermore, their current czar during the time was incapable for his position as a czar and made horrendous decisions as czar. For example, when the czar, Nicholas, entered in World War I, he sent untrained troops into countless battles of failure which costed in mass amounts of lost life (paragraph 23).
According to document 2, it states that King Louis XVI raised the third estate or the peasants taxes and total land owned. With this law, the middle class would be unhappy and would be frustrated about his power and how he was controlling them. The first and second estate didn’t
The February Revolution can be considered an instinctive revolution; during that period, Russian people were living in misery and relentlessness: food went bad in trains between the long transports leading to food shortages and mortality rates increased due to poor housing conditions. In the October Revolution instead Bolsheviks seized power from the Provisional Government. “The movement broke out spontaneously without preparation and exclusively on the basis of the supply crisis… The military either today or tomorrow will come out openly on the side of the revolutionary forces that the movement which has begun will not subside but grow ceaselessly until ultimate victory and the overthrow of the government”; this communicate was written by the Okhrana Report on the 26th of February 1917 during the first revolution. Things worsen during March of the same year when wages rose and Russia’s currency (rouble) totally dropped… food prices rose and the great majority of people couldn’t afford anything.
Prior to Napoleon's reign as emperor, France had been through the rein of terror and the French Revolution. King Louis the Sixteenth and his wife Marie Antoinette had put France in major debt and took no responsibility for it. He was killed by the guillotine. Robespierre took control after his death and caused more problems for France and killed anyone who was not passionate enough about his ruling. He too was killed by the guillotine.
Many assassinations occur due to political, religious, and cultural reasons. Some assassinations occur without explanation, or with explanations that seem illogical or unjust. The assassination of Czar Nicholas II was believed to be necessary for the overthrow of an outdated government regime because the Bolsheviks wanted the control of Russia for the people. However, it was unjust because the Romanov family was executed as well.
The primary goal of the French was to end the old government and rebuild a new one. Meanwhile, Haiti was trying to eliminate an oppressor and enslavement. These are two different focuses, and although they have influenced each other, they have no deep connections. France’s government in 1774 was an absolute monarchy represented by King Louis XVI. There was a great imbalance of power between the rich and the poor that lead the lower classes to revolt.
After this, A Third Republic was set up. This new government wanted to protect themselves against the Germans. The siege of Paris was not good. Over 40,000 people died due to food shortages. The burden from the Franco-German war was overcome by 1890 as France had a rapid industrial
Most of the population disagreed with both of the policies, however, the benefits and the positive effects outweighed for many. War Communism had a significant impact on the peasantry and the proletariat, it was extremely unpopular and not successful enough to continue. It has been suggested that War Communism was an attempt by the Bolsheviks to go straight to socialism, it is more likely that it was a reaction to wartime conditions, justified by ideological position. The effect of War Communism on the proletariat was immense, Lenin nationalised businesses to place the economy on a war footing. All industries came under direct control of the state, managers were forced to stay in their positions and private trades were banned.
Nicholas’s wife Alexandra took over Nicholas’s position since Nicholas leaved Russia to take control of the Russian army in the war. However Alexandra’s poor management and the awful condition workers had during World War 1 produced scintillas that ignite the following revolutions. Short term causes are the combination of political, economics and social factors. There were 2 main political parties which were Mensheviks and Bolsheviks. The former wanted an amelioration on economics, advocated a more open democratic party instead of the more exclusive.
The primary reason behind this decision as due to the food and supply shortages, as well as the refusal of troops to keep order. The immediate effect of Russia’s decision to surrender were mainly limited to the loss of land. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was finalized between Russia and the Central Powers soon after, its purpose to allow peace between the nations. Russia was forced to lose Poland, Finland, and Ukraine to the Central Powers. The loss of this land angered the Bolsheviks, a group of communist followers of Karl Marx’s ideals.
Peter the great was known for doing a massive overhaul of Russia with reforms in basically everything; religion, military, education, agriculture, culture and tradition. He believed in royal absolutism and because of this he took over the church by making a government department in charge of everything. Peter was in charge of the churches power and the clergy controlled people’s daily lives in name of the state and Peter the great. Peter also made the upper classmen of Russia dress in a western style and groom themselves like westerners by shaving their mustaches and beards. With this push in culture, religion, and education he was challenging Russia and their stereotypically conservative ways.
”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred. Fundamentally, the actions that Louis XIV took had a great impact towards his people. His actions ultimately led the people of France initiate the French Revolution, which left France and its people in a vulnerable
The United States would break its isolationism and enter the war. America’s entry in the war, even though late, 1917 assured victory for the British and French against the Germans. At the end of the war, the United States was quick to leave behind its European commitments regardless of President Woodrow Wilson’s effort’s to have the US more engaged in world affairs through the League of Nations. Again, the Russian revolution intervene because of the wretched condition for peasants and workers in that nation.
The Civil War is deadly and destructive and lasts until 1923. Various other groups and countries also fought in this war, some on the side of the Reds, some on the side of the Whites, as well as independent forces, like the anarchists who formed the Black Army in Ukraine which fought alongside the Reds to defeat the Whites before then being turned on and crushed by the