Forgiveness itself includes individual transformation of the victims that can free the pain of the past thereby healing the wounds caused by the crime. The decision to forgive has multifaceted explanations. Often, the victims themselves find it difficult to identify clearly the reason or reasons that led them to forgive and also it is common that there is more than one cause. Restorative justice seeks to uphold the humanization of the consequences of crime, encouraging the postulation of accountability on the part of the perpetrator of the crime to the victim or their kin, thus laying the foundation for a better future that rests on and is aware of the past, but is not attached to the past as in the case of concept of guilt in criminal
In the past, the response to cases involving criminal injustice has been to punish the offender. Restorative justice, however, suggests an alternative approach which attempts to shift the response from punitive to repairing of damage and fixing of the problem. It is a process whereby all the parties to a particular offence come together to respond collectively on how to deal with the consequences of the offence and its implications for the future. Restorative justice does not only help the victim and the offender but also involves the communities they live in, which includes the families of both victim and offender. Communities are also by crime and should be considered as secondary victims.
Even though, changes should be introduced to the system of penalty to adjust it to the needs of each particular community, it is still one of the most effective measures of combating and prevention of the crime. Thus, the abolishment of capital punishment will do more harm than good, as it has proven to bring justice to the suffered and helps to decrease the crime
It is a victim centred response to crime directly involving those most affected by criminal act through dialogue and direct accountability. Forgiveness whilst not the primary objective of restorative justice, often occurs during the process. Victims often appear moved to forgiveness when they fully understand the offenders’ position and dispel the stereotypical notions and fears victims often possess regarding the offender. “Forgiveness” as a part of restorative justice is versatile and it requires the victim and offender to be emotionally available to each other. It has also been accepted that many victims choose to forgive because granting forgiveness is congruent with their personal or religious beliefs.
The law is becoming more flexible with criminals in a way that there is not enough punishment against them, with the exact punishment a criminal could understand about his mistakes. The law should be applied strict according to the grade of the crime a criminal commit, if the law continues with flexibility of punishment, criminals will commit crime since the moment they get out of jail. Some of the changes created for a more flexible way to evade punishment are the incorporation of rehabilitation for criminals, the creation of parole, the creation of probation, the use of “parens patriae”, the
By taking references on the other countries like Argentina and Europe countries like Poland and the United Kingdom, these countries perform chemical castration to sex offenders to prevent them from re-committing their crime (Christine, 2012). Chemical castration can be performed on voluntary therapy basis and help sex offenders to rehabilitate.The early treatment programs are successful in achieving a moderate reduction in recidivism among those sex offenders studied. The chemical castration will help those prisoners who want to rehabilitate themselves from their sex crime and avoiding to relapse into the criminal behavior. The methods can be seen as a protection to public safety from sex offenders. It is because even though the castration is a supplement and voluntarily, this method helps sex offender to fix their mistake by preventing their recidivism in a medical intervention and control them if they cannot control themselves from committing a sex
When the phrase Jim Crow is uttered, many people feel a rush of inept thoughts and bad memories due to the social taboo against talking of the lowest point in America’s history. Jim Crow was not just a set of laws aimed to oppress the lives of all black people, but a movement by the citizens, black or white, that caused a corrupt mindset in all men and women. Many people tried to stop the social force from continuing in individual spurts of courage, but they were not able to stop Jim Crow as individuals. An individual’s own personal courage cannot fight against Jim Crow, because a single person would not be able to stop an entire movement embedded into the minds of millions of people, not to mention how the social pressure against it was too strong to even fathom fighting against it. One main reason why it was unable for Jim Crow to be fought by a single person is because there was no feasible way in which one person, no matter how powerful, rich, or socially accepted, could have changed the entirety of
Restorative Justice This paper will describe what restorative justice is. Reading the story about RJ City’s case study on David and Ed breaking into Mildred’s house helped explain about restorative justice. It shows that the victim is not the only person affected by the break in. It also shows how people benefited from the restorative justice approach. Restorative justice is a sentencing model that builds on restitution and community participation in an attempt to make a victim “whole again” (Schmalleger, 2010).
II. Situational Crime Prevention Situational Crime Prevention is a strategy of crime prevention which aims to reduce criminal opportunities (Norrie, A. 2002). It comprises on measures directed at highly specific forms of crime that involve the management, design, or manipulation of the immediate environment in a systematic and permanent a way as a possible so as to reduce the opportunities for crime and increase its risks as perceived by a wide range of offenders (Clarke,
Restorative justice can be defined as a flexible and just approach by which apt reparation is made, for the harm committed, irrespective of the life situations, through a proper communication in adequate perspectives, between the victim and the offender, thereby preventing recidivism and re-establishing peace and harmony to the ultimate benefit of the society. In this particular context, we focus on the criminal justice systems. Restorative justice views crimes not only as a violation of laws but also as harm to the society and community. The core objective of restorative justice system is the safe and satisfied involvement of the victims who agreed to be involved in the process. The goals behind the design of this system include making offenders