Abstract- Power dissipation is one of the main issues in VLSI circuits. In recent years, Reversible logic gives a better solution for reducing power dissipation in system. Reversible logic has one-to-one mapping between input and output vectors. It has been used in various emerging applications like low power CMOS, Quantum computers etc. In the proposed work, the sequential circuits such as flip flop and shift registers are designed which enhanced performance by reducing area and power in terms of gate count, garbage outputs, and constant inputs.
The converse is also true. If we add additional product to a system, the equilibrium will shift to the left, in order to produce more reactants. Or, if we remove reactants from the system, equilibrium will also be shifted to the left. Thus, according to Le Chatelier's principle, reversible reactions are self-correcting; when they are thrown out of balance by a change in concentration, temperature, or pressure, the system will naturally shift in such a way as to "re-balance" itself after the
For the flexibility factor, analytical solutions are presented in the case where a bend is approximated by a rigid restraint on both ends. To verify the analytical solution and its applicability limits, two numerical procedures are developed, which are based on the finite difference method and the reduction to the Kochi problem by the expansion of the unknowns in the Fourier series over the circumferential coordinate. The authors compared the results obtained with data from the literature, discussed the advantages and disadvantages of the methods, and presented recommendations for their practical application. Man Gyun Na el al. (2006) estimated the collapse moment due to wall thinned defects was estimated through fuzzy model identification.
Experimental Design Complete randomized design was employed. The data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using SAS v. 9.3 (2011) package where significant differences were found at 5% level of significance. The means were compared using Duncan multiple range test of the same software. Results and
General Network Models. Besides speed based evaluation, a number of performance measures have been proposed. Two models are represented in this chapter, the α-relationship and two-fluid theory [Zahavi et al. 1972a; Zahavi et al. 1972b].
It is impossible to reduce any system to absolute zero in a finite series of operations. 2. The entropy of a perfect crystal of an element in its most stable form tends to zero as the temperature approaches absolute zero. 3. As temperature approaches absolute zero, the entropy of a system approaches a
Work of this type has been done by Job who developed the method of continuous variation . This Method makes use of any measurable additive property of two species [48, 49]. Any complex formed by the two species must give a value for the separate species. The simple application of the method involves equilibrium of type: A + nB = ABn Where A represents a metal, B a coordinating group and ABn a complex. Solutions are prepared in which the mole fraction of the compounds are varied and the total number of moles of both, is kept constant.
For each of those comparative methods there are strengths, weaknesses and solutions for those weaknesses. The first method of comparison I will discuss is the method of comparing many countries. This method is also called ‘large-n’ comparison, where n stands for the number of countries. It’s very suitable with qualitative analysis of aggregate data. The presence of statistical control makes this method most like an experimental design, which has control groups and treatment groups (Landman & Carvalho, 2016).
We learned in class that the thermal efficiency of the heat engine cannot be 100%, meaning all the heat that was input into the system will not be transformed into all work as some heat will be given off into a heat sink. As the Kelvin-Planck Statement says, it is impossible for any device that operates in a cycle to receive heat from a single reservoir and produce a net amount of work. Relating this to economics, there will be a limit to how much efficiency can increase in a production process, and inevitably there will have to be waste produced by the
Abstract— System performance is decided by way of the speed of the multiplier, that is the most important element in the numerous of the application like Microprocessor, Digital signal processing, Quantum Computing etc. Multipliers have large area, long latency and devour huge energy. Hence suitable multiplier structure will increase the performance and overall efficiency of the system. The Vedic multiplier improves the speed of the calculation and different types of reversible gates is use to reduce the power consumption because having ability of reversible computation that means no information loss take place. Reversible logic has wide application in the emerging technologies such as quantum computing, optical computing, Nano-technology etc.