Under the right circumstances freight transport by rail is more economic and energy efficient than by road, especially when carried in bulk or over long distances. The main disadvantage of rail freight is its lack of flexibility. For this reason, rail has lost much of the freight business to road transport. Rail freight is often subject to trans shipment costs, since it must be transferred from one mode of transportation to another. Practices such as containerization aim at minimizing these costs.
vii.For transport authorities it becomes easier for them to regulate operators ., monitor operators and effectively introduce corrective measures when needed . viii.Perhaps the most important benefit for all stakeholders is the reduced environmental impact seamless travel will have on the environment . By adopting seamless travel ,transport operators contribute towards the reduction of , there would be a reduction in both air and noise pollution . In Nigeria if operators were to strive for seamless travel , there would be less emission of gases as there would be less vehicles on the road . The major disbenefit of seamless travel is , if not properly regulated may lead to exploitation of passengers by operators .
Long gone are the times during which we had to burden our bare feet to move from place to place. Our world and it’s modern technology has greatly helped in advancing and innovating diverse types of transportation, all serving different purposes, in a wide variety. It is now easily possible to travel through all different mediums such as through land, water, air, and even outer space using multiple transportations. However, with all the benefits that transportation brings with it, it also imposes major cons and has created several problems, such as the release of greenhouse gas emissions, traffic congestion which causes loss of time, accidents etc. People, majorly those in urban environments, are faced with multiple transportation choices and
Therefore, are good for the flow in a supply chain The following states Air Freight disadvantages: Cost – air freight is the most expensive mode to move goods. High fuels cost, expensive infrastructure, strives costs up. Air has a large fixed cost but low variable
Rail developments must support and facilitate business imperatives such as operational efficiencies and safety. Insufficient standardization creates increased operational complexity and maintenance costs due to increased stock levels and training requirements. Selective consideration of wider gauge for high axle load (in the case of freight) or high speed (in the case of passengers) applications should be considered where new lines and services are to be introduced, since the benefits could be significant, however it must be noted gauge chosen must stimulate economic development and de-congest the roadways. Economy of scale goes with series rather than batch production, particularly of rolling stock. This trend is accelerating as mainstream railways further leverage economy of scale by enhancing interoperability.
To grant the customer adequate protection and the rail industry a common, level base for the quality of their service in this single market a defined legal and financial framework to ensure “Quality for money” is necessary. With the Third Railway Package Legislation of 2004 the European Commission adopted measures to revitalize the railways in Europe, putting forward new proposals to open up the international passenger transport market by 2010 and regulations to passengers’ rights. These rights were introduced under the Rail Passengers Regulation (1371/2007) of 2007 which set common minimum rules applying throughout the European Union concerning passenger rights and rail industry obligations coming into effect on 1 January 2010. However, in the light of the distinct levels of wealth of the European Union Member States and associated the wealth of the rail traffic providers, a temporary exemption of a period of five years (renewable twice, making the maximum time of the exemp-tion 15 years) from these common rules stated for the purely domestic (i.e. within one country) railway traffic and a permanent derogation for urban, suburban and regional services is possible to conciliate the objective of granting basic rights with the reality of heterogeneous conditions of the railway service in the Member
Introduction The Road Transport Network is the means through which business organisations can transport their goods from one place to another. It is defined as “The transport of passengers or goods on roads” . There has been data which suggests that overloaded trucks are a barrier to India’s progress, because they are harming the roads and highways through which these goods and resources are transported. Truck overloading is defined as “when any person drives or allows to be driven in any public place any motor vehicle exceeding the specified weight. As mentioned earlier, India’s road transport network is facing an immense amount of loss due to the overloading of trucks.
but many people can’t afford car as it is too expensive they choose for bike for smooth travelling. But there are many advantage and disadvantage of bikes. Good mileage, cheap price etc.as it is two wheeler few people can’t balance and the impact is injury on body. Many people don’t wear helmet. In developing country four person seating in one bike.
Why leave your car in your country when someone can transport it safely and effectively so you can continue to use it in your new country of residence? The best way to achieve this is through a logistics company to ensure safety and quality in international transport of vehicles. The international transport of vehicles does not refer to cars only. In fact, the companies that provide this type of service guarantee the transfer of SUVs, vans and even commercial vehicles of a certain weight (up to 3500 Kg). For this reason, companies related to the automotive world are major customers of this service.