The advantages brought by the colonial era to the African continent abound. According to the author, one of the most important benefit of the colonialism is formal education, modern way of curing diseases and environmental sanitation. It was however argued that the purpose of colonialism was not meant for the benefit of the African people. In case of disarticulating affairs related to government and political structure the author has indicated that––the boundaries of the countries themselves were mostly totally artificial, they had been created at the European politicians with little or no regard for African’ multitude of pre-colonial nation-state and small-scale village communities. Since, the African Nationalist said that independence given to African is false because true freedom comes with economic independence and the author calls this kind of practice as Neo-colonialism.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING POLICY 2009 ABOUT THE POLICY I. Objectives The policy shall have the following objectives: (a) To reduce the housing shortage in the State, especially in EWS/LIG categories. (b) To take up large scale construction of Affordable Housing (with focus on EWS & LIG housing.) (c) To bring down the cost of EWS & LIG categories of houses to affordable limits. (d) To promote investments in housing in Urban Sector on PPP Model.
Providing affordable housing in the main stations and in transit-rich areas is important for the low-income families to reach their housing and their jobs easily, because most of the houses are near to transits are expensive which make it difficult to low-income families access these areas. Another contribution of the affordable housing is it increase the neighborhood liveliness, and provide a better neighborhood quality. Several studies found that the affordable housing affects the values of the surrounding property in a positive way when it is attractive and well designed. Affordable housing and
This means that stereotypes and racism might influence their decisions. As a matter of fact it is a plain example for individual racism caused by institutional racism. Even they are chosen for a public dwelling, sometimes there is quota that does not allow more than a certain percentage of immigrants to live in a given neighborhood or block of houses and when rental units are unavailable or inaccessible, households are forced to buy sub-standard dwelling. (van Hoorn and van Ginkel, 1986)..Discrimination, both direct and indirect, also exists in the private housing sector. According to a report prepared by European Commission, one of the main reasons of housing discrimination is the tendency to design homes based on the typical person, and neglect the needs of individuals who do not fit into this mould.
Another spill-over effect is the greater availability of parents to be used as skilled workers in the labour force, as they do not need to look after their children while they are at an early childhood education centre. These positive externalities of the consumption of Early Childhood Care will lead to higher productivity in New Zealand firms, decreasing their costs of production and therefore increasing supply, leading to growth of the New Zealand economy. These externalities must be taken into account when considering the social marginal benefit, as this is the sum of the private benefits of consumption and the benefits to society. The benefit from the more efficient labour force will be added to the private benefits (such as the child’s education), to give the social marginal benefits. This can be shown on the market model below by the social marginal benefit curve being above the marginal utility / private marginal benefit curve.
Make or buy decisions help a construction company decide if it is better to produce a product in-house or buy a product from an outside supplier. There have some advantages of make a product in-house and buy a product from an outside source. According to Burt, Dobler, and Starling, as well as Joel Wisner, G. Keong Leong, and Keah-Choon Tan suggested that favor making a part in-house is save money based on the less expensive to make the part. If a construction company can lower its materials cost by making products in house, they will be had bigger potential to save their business money. A business should balance the savings on materials against the added payroll cost.
5. What should the government do about the homelessness crisis? According to Chumir (2008), Canadian governments should “address homelessness and inadequate housing as a national emergency” (p. 11) Chumir suggested that Canada restore or expand social housing programs for those in need. This includes improving and accurately insisting on anti-discrimination legislation in the field of housing, increasing shelter allowances and social support rates to reasonable levels, and providing enough support services for individuals with disabilities. Another reason why housing and homelessness requires a federal strategy is that poverty has become a major causal factor in homelessness.
Beyond the issue going on between the owners and the tenants, rent control causes an issue on the urban renewal process level and the disadvantaged population of a city that because of the post war reconstruction is facing gentrification. The old rent law in Beirut, despite its flaws, is suppressing gentrification by keeping the middle class in affordable housing units in the center of the city. B- Disadvantages of the Old Rent Law in Lebanon The Old rent law in Beirut has a lot of disadvantages. This fixed law shifted the responsibly of the state to provide affordable housing to individual landlords. Instead they obliged the landlords to solve issues beyond their ability.
The foreign workers who seek cheap and low cost house as accommodation resulting in shortage of housing for Malaysians. With this, it can be inferred that other Malaysians can cover this problem by applying a compact living concept in their household and give way to others to own a property. In conclusion, Malaysian should consider compact living as one of the solution for housing development that can cater to the current issues which are the current economy status, high living cost and limited residential. The condition of Malaysia's economy now are growing more slowly and it is suggested that Malaysians should re-plan their life and find ways to tackle rising living costs to adjust in this environment. Malaysians can no longer live the way they did before and must better manage their finances and learn how to conserve and
ICC Property Management knows how to keep maintenance and repair costs low Good maintenance and proper repairs are a crucial part of property management as it preserves the value of the property. ICC Property Management gives landlords access to its in-house maintenance staff. This leads to significant savings, compared to hiring maintenance personnel yourself. ICC Property Management will be responsible for outsourcing all services ICC Property Management will play a very critical role in ensuring that everything runs smoothly on your property, regardless of the number of rental units in your property. The property managers can ensure that a unit stays clean after a tenant moves out.