During the civil war, many Americans lost and risked their lives to fight for their beliefs, emancipating the slaves or the White supremacy. The civil war resulted with the freedom of slaves and the period of Reconstruction (1865-1877). The Reconstruction tried to solve the problem of what would happen to the freed men and how the government would reintegrate the Southern States into the Union. Both of the said events caused social, political, and economic changes to American society. In 1868, the 14th Amendment was created as a result of the emancipation of slaves.
Although this only freed slaves in the rebellious area, it demonstrated the moral side of the war. In Lincoln's letter written in 1863, he stated “Why should they do anything for us, if we will do nothing for them?” (Doc 3). He is referring to the African Americans which shows that Lincoln’s policies and goals in the Civil War driven by the desire to enlist African Americans in fighting to preserve the Union. Consequently, the freed slaves were encouraged to enlist and take part of the Union side and army. Their addition into the fight against the confederacy was a great benefit for the Union.
Some people supported it. Carpetbaggers were northerners that went South to help Reconstruction efforts and freedmen. The Scalawags were Southern whites who supported Reconstruction. Radical Republicans were congressmen that supported African-American citizenship and punishment for former confederates. The KKK (Ku Klux Klan) didn't like the former slaves freedom or Reconstruction.The North put the army in the South to hold elections for new state governments and protect the freedmen.
Then there was Charles Sumner, thinking on the same lines as Stevens. According to www.history.com/topics/charles-sumner ”He saw Reconstruction as the opportunity to establish civil rights for blacks, first in the South where Congress had explicit authority and gradually in the North. In 1865 he insisted that suffrage be granted to all black males. At the time of his death, Sumner was still vainly agitating for federal legislation repealing all discriminatory laws.” Finally, there was President Andrew Johnson. After Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, just as the South surrendered in April 1865, and then Andrew Johnson inherited the problem of Reconstruction.
When the Missouri Compromise happened, officials debated about letting in Missouri because it would tip the balance of power. As a compromise, Maine was also admitted. This agreement also established the 36°30 line that allowed no slave states above it. This angered the south because it stopped them from spreading their political views to the rest of the states. Citizens who volunteered for the Confederate army put themselves through unimaginable horrors to protect things very important to them.
Former Confederate leaders like Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens claimed that the Civil War was fought because of state’s rights and how they wanted to fight back against federal tyranny. After reading the Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War, I agree that the war was fought because of state’s rights. The people in the South wanted to keep slavery and were going to do anything they could to keep slavery. They believe that the government was trying to oppress the South by making them get rid of their slaves. The South was afraid that if Abraham Lincoln was elected president that he would abolish slavery.
What were the Black Codes? Answer: Black Codes were a tactic created and supported by Southern states to restrict African American freedmen from gaining enough wages to support their families. Although it granted them the right to marriage and owning their own property, they could not testify against whites or even vote. Punishments against African Americans were ridiculously unfair compared to the ones white landowners received for far greater offenses. What was the Radical Reconstruction Act of 1867?
Garrison founded a couple organizations to expand the movement, but his efforts were futile. Southern congressmen issued what was called “the gag rule”, which prohibited discussion of abolitionist petitions. Thankfully, most of the nation resented the gag rule, as they recognized that it threatened free speech. It wasn’t until 1840 that the first anti-slavery political party, the Liberty Party, was formed. For the majority of abolitionists, this new party opened a big window for action.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866 and protracted in almost every southern state by 1870. “They became a vehicle for white southern resistance to the republican parties reconstruction era policies that aimed at endowing political and economic equality for blacks.” (history.com “Jim Crow Law”) The Ku Klux Klan was a dangerous force in the United States because support of local law enforcement, intimidation and pride. Back in the day, Local Law Enforcement officials belonged to the Klan or declined to take against it, even those who arrested klan members found it difficult to find witnesses that were willing to argue against them. White citizens in the south refused to speak out against the actions of the group, giving them understanding
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.
The South wanted to keep slaves while the North wanted to abolish them. In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect.”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.
During the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln; it declared that “All person’s held as slaves within the rebellious states henceforward shall be free”, but blacks still felt that they were being treated unfairly. Slaves responded to the Emancipation Proclamation by leaving their overseers and dividing the land and implements among themselves. When opportunity came, two-hundred thousand blacks joined the Union army, Historian James McPheron says: “Without their help, the North could not have won the war as soon as it did, and perhaps it could not have won at all” (194), but when blacks were in the Union army and the northern cities during the war, it gave hints of how limited the emancipation would be. Black