Advantages Of The Fur Trade

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The Europeans took advantage of the first nations because they didn't had knowledge about how much the fur and goods they were trading were worth. Indians were relied too much on Europeans, and they were obsessed with trading that they killed too many beavers for furs to trade.The aboriginal tribes competed with other Indian tribes in order to fight for the fur trade with the Europeans. Enormously hunting affected the beaver population but it also gave aboriginals meat and bones to use later other than trade. France dominated the trade, and established New France trade economy.Thus the French and First Nations came to know each other better which made them partners in the fur trade.
“Historians have tended to assume that, during the last
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But most of the people were not convinced. On the other hand,
Haudonausaunnee war occurred between the French and the Haudonausaunnee.
Haudonausaunnee defeated the Ouendat in 1649, who were ally to the French while giving possibility for Coureurs de bois to trade with the aboriginals. In 1670
Britain established the Hudson Bay Company, and competed France in the fur trade.
“Concentration of energies on the part of the French on the St. Lawrence weakened their position on Hudson bay and led to development of the trade initiated by
Radisson and Groseilliers by the English through the Hudson's Bay Company. Attempts to prevent competition from Hudson bay were made through destruction of English posts, and from the English from New York (1664) through construction of posts at strategic points, such as Kingston, Niagara, and Detroit. The success of these efforts was evident in a marked increase in
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On the other hand, the northwest company took over French trade network through Saint Lawrence and Great lakes. The British merchant ruled North West Company and depended on metis workers. When the big shift in economy occurred, Montreal and Hudson Bay company was taken over by the British. Moreover, Europeans adopted “pemmican”; which was a highly energetic food in the fur trade used as nutritious food. Besides that, the first nations were consisted of French fathers and first nation’s mothers. Due to cross cultural marriage; their children were bilingual. The metis nations emerged a new distinct cultural group by mingling elements of aboriginals and of Europeans cultures in a new advanced way. By 1670, Scottish metis families created new metis culture and in 1800s, distinct culture emerged within the Canadian, aboriginals and Scottish roots. The emergence of the identity of metis people was influenced by fur trade. Metis began working at the red river which was a central location labor for the trade. The Metis people were very proficient in interpreting and trading skills, and the other Indian and European people highly appreciated those.
On the other hand metis were very proud of their culture; their identity and their role in the trade. Metis were not only proud of their role but they gave importance to women; their support and helping the fur trade. Metis women

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