In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
In the most general sense, it usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure she understands the students' preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them. Dialogic teaching Dialogic teaching harnesses the power of talk to stimulate and extend students’ thinking, and advance their learning and understanding (Alexander 2010).
Mind’s Eye strategy could be one of their best ways to solve this problem. This strategy can develop students visualization and improve students reading comprehension as the technique includes students memory and asking them to be more critical in giving their perception and prediction. According to Silver, Strong and Perini (2007) mind’s eye is a reading strategy that is used by the teacher to improve students critical skill of the words on the page into memorable images. When the students read about a text the students will combine their background knowledge with the information that is gotten in the text. In addition, Sejnost (2009) states that this strategy is started by the students who listen to the keywords which are mentioned by the teacher and then attempt to visualize what are they hearing by making pictures in their minds.
THE PROCESS OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) provides a holistic model of the learning process and is a multi-linear model of adult development, both of which are concerned with what we know about how we naturally learn, grow, and develop. The theory is called "Experiential learning" to emphasize the central role played by experience in the learning process. Experiential learning focuses on individual learning. For example, you are going to another country to interact and experience new things. What you learn through interacting and observing that country is experiential learning, oppose to reading about that country in a book.
He stressed that people determine by acting and contemplating on what they serve. The school is concerned with the evolution of the total person, not certain selected elements. The aforementioned concept of John Dewey as cited by Neil (2005) were supported by Kolb (1984). To take in teaching effectiveness and learning productively, the instructors must experience the nature of the child to be motivated, directed, pointed,
Lessons are designed according to students learning difficulties. Students’ prior knowledge is assessed through the pre-tests and interviews as assessment tools to inform the content of the lessons. According to Hodge (2010), the key component of an effective lesson is when the teacher understands and knows about the topic. As Variation Theory using learning study is collaborative in its nature, teachers gain more knowledge on the topic as they discuss and meet to share their past experiences about teaching the topic before proceeding to the
The knowledge of a teacher should beyond than to the knowledge of a student to make her/his activity effective. “Metacognition enhances and enriches the learning experiences (St.Clair.n.d).It will enhance their capabilities in teaching performance by using metacognition. It would help to the teacher improve their teaching performance and used a different strategies to make the lesson effective. They should know the new implemented lesson log to make it effective in the classroom setting. “Applying metcognitive strategies such as self-awareness and self monitoring is to develop independent learners who can control their own learning and learn how to learn for life” (Papaleontion – Louca, 2008).
Communication with students I chose this criterion because teachers communicate with students for several independent, but related, purposes: they convey that teaching and learning are purposeful activities; they make that purpose clear to students, and they provide clear directions for classroom activities so that students know what to do; when additional help is appropriate, teachers model these activities. ---One example of a good classroom practise is: In the course of a presentation of content, the teacher asks students, “Can anyone think of an example of that?” 2.
Teaching assistant can model re-reading of the text if the meaning is unclear and can model working out a difficult word. Writing can be modelled by using the whiteboard. Teaching assistant can model how to use strategies to help reading and writing. Through the modelling process the children should get confident enough to talk, think, share and reflect; they should want to be let free to do their
That meant the instructor should select learning tasks that are worth learning and develop this content in ways that help students to appreciate their significance and application potential to analyze the students and identify learning styles, such as active or reflective students. These learning styles can be categorized with the relevance portion of Keller's ARCS model because they assist in matching a student's motives. The first subcategory in relevance strategies is goal orientation. Relevance strategies highlight how the students' previous experiences and skills can be used to help them understand, learn new concepts, and link to students' needs, interests, and motives.