As a result, there would be higher crop productions and greater food security. (Phillips, 2008) Another objective for GM foods is to enhance the nutrient composition. For example, the golden rice. The golden rice have been modified by a gene which makes it self-produce beta carotene. Beta carotene is essential for humans to make Vitamin A which helps prevent
Since climate change is happening right now and right here in Bangladesh with so many negative impacts, human beings should take actions to change the conditions of climate change to save local plants and animals. Although climate change can`t be stop instantly, but by reducing its spread speed, the world can be a better
Introduction: Biodiversity is the basis of agriculture. Agricultural production practices need to change. They need to become increasingly sustainable at the same time as meeting societal goals of access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food (Baulcombe et al., 2009; IAASTD, 2008; World Bank, 2007; Nellemann et al., 2009). The Declaration of the World Food Summit on Food Security (FAO, 2009a) stated that not only should there be increased investment in agriculture to meet the challenge of achieving food security but that this investment should be directed more consistently towards sustainability. Production practices based on a continuing and increasing dependence on external inputs, such as chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and
Abstract The growing human population will definitely increase demand for food and fibre to feed an additional 2 billion people by 2050. Several gains that were made in the 1970s through the use of high yielding varieties and high-tech technologies are being reversed because there is evidence of soil degradation and destruction of natural resources especially in Africa and parts of Asia. The most notable challenges affecting agricultural productivity include; climate change, decline in soil and water quality, reduction of farmer participation in conservation practices and uneven policies that do not ensure sustainability. Sustainable agriculture means that it should cover all the five aspects of sustainability; biological productivity, economic
Rural farmers’ perceptions and understanding of climate change is crucial for adaptation policies and practices designed to deal with threats and risks of climate change on agricultural sector. Such understanding is fundamental in Africa, since climate is the primary determinant of agricultural effectiveness, and changes in climate have pronounced impacts not only on agricultural sector but other sectors. Studies have shown that climate change and extreme climatic events pose great threats on agricultural production, food security, community health, natural resources, biodiversity and water availability (McCarthy et al 2001, IPCC 2007a). Projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2013) have indicated also that the
From 2000, the pineapple production and industry began growing rapidly. The income of thousands of small farmers depends on this crop, particularly in the northern and Atlantic regions of the country. However, the quick expansion of this sector was generating negative environmental and social impacts in Costa Rica. Hence, the government started take actions to transform the sector and achieve healthy and sustainably pineapples’ production. The GCP launched, in June 2011, the National Platform of responsible production and trade of pineapple which is a 24 months-long agenda implemented by the vice-presidency of the Republic with financial support from the Dutch cooperation agency, ICCO*.
Globalization in today’s world is playing a crucial role in different sectors of the World’s economy. An example is the recent change in the agricultural production process, which has been mainly because of low transport cost and refrigerating facilities, which has boosted the exports of more and more non-traditional crops. Furthermore another consequence of globalization is the increase in women representation of the present global work force (Mehra & Gammage, 1999). This essay looks at these two emerging trends, and specifically looks at the impact of globalization on women’s participation in agricultural sector for developing countries, supporting from the literature that globalization has had a more negative impact on these women than empowering them. (i) Globalization and women’s participation in the agricultural labor force: Globalization can be explained and looked at from various perspectives.
Therefore many rural-based poverty eradication and income redistribution strategies have been undertaken although it was in critical stage. Mainly, there were two strategies that were implemented in order to reduce this incidence of poverty such as the plan for better and more efficient services in education. Next, it focuses in providing greater job opportunities in the secondary sector (manufacturing, industry and others) and tertiary sector which targets more towards services. Thus, the role of public sector is essential towards creating a better environment and providing infrastructure to private sectors. This is because, private sectors functions as a major tools for the growth of Malaysian economy, (Ragayah, 2008).
Due to new agricultural practices, nature of attached/bonded labour changed into unfree/contractual agricultural workers except lingering of old practice in some parts. Structural transformation of the work force is generally viewed as structural transformation in the output of the economy. The share of agriculture in state domestic product has been declining up to 22 percent in the recent times. Structural transformation of the workforce can be analysed through socio- economic transformations of the society and it occurs due to changing character of agriculture from subsistence to commercialisation of
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Sri Lanka’s economy has undergone significant structural changes during the past three decades under the open economic policy introduced in late 1970. The traditional economy was changed into an export-import based economy.Open economy have new policies that encourage the high rates of economic growth through increasing industrial exports. The modern commercial development have considerably effect for changes in the land cover (use) patterns, local perceptions and livelihoods. (Senarathna Sellamuttu: 2011). For example agricultural lands are being converted as commercials land plots as a result of development of economic related activities, increasing population densities, and urban sprawl.