Odysseus endures many aspects that inevitably cause him to change his ways. For example his values are different, now that he has gained this immense respect for the gods. As well as his arrogance and the overflowing amount of pride that he once had has changed because of his new perspective that was left because of his hero's journey. Odysseus not only proves his worthiness to the gods, but to
She says, “Eurymachus, all my excellence, my beauty and figure, were ruined by the immortals … If he (Odysseus) were to come back to me and take care of my life, then my reputation would be more great and splendid.” The same cannot be said for Odysseus, though, as he cheated on Penelope with Circe and Calypso. Although he might’ve cheated on Penelope, he went through many trials and tribulations for her and
He has little care for his comrades, with the exception of Patroclus. Contrasting this, Aeneas is a placid and disciplined warrior. In the Aeneid, Aeneas is a venerable leader and a benevolent Roman. Homer’s did not idolize Achilles by turning a blind eye to his very human flaws, his actions have clear consequences. The raw, emotional depiction of Achilles is almost the polar opposite of the sober Aeneas.The contrasting intent between the two poems are heightened within the description of the hero's’ shields.
Odysseus’s crew and Veasey both have parallels when comparing the stories of The Odyssey and Cold Mountain; the two accompany the stories’ respective heroes and serve as hindrances despite good intentions. Additionally, both serve as subordinates, Veasey venturing wherever Inman dared go and the crewing being under the command of Odysseus. As the story progresses, it is apparent that the crew and Veasey do more harm than good to their respective protagonists. Both the crew of Odysseus and Veasey are hypocritical in their tendencies, claiming to fight for righteousness yet blatantly insulting the very gods they follow. In the Greek culture, it was considered suicide to even insult a god and the crew was clearly praying for a safe passage home.
Quickly, Sinon states, “it now is right for me to break the holy / oath of my loyalty and right for me / to hate the Greeks, to bring all things to light, / whatever they conceal” (II, 220-223). Sinon’s logical explanation for going against his country makes sense when his army picked him to be sacrificed to the gods. To close out his argument, Sinon explains the causes of harming or caring for the Trojan horse. Sinon carefully states, “… For if your hand should harm Minerva’s gift / then vast destruction… / would fall on Priam’s kingdom … / but if it climbed by your hands into Troy / … Asia would repel the Greeks, … / this is the doom that waits for our descendants” (II, 268-275). Sinon’s last statement triggers the Trojan’s to bring the horse inside the gates of Troy to bring doom upon Greece.
It can be seen in the Odyssey through Odysseus’ and his men’s actions, for the most part they respected and feared the gods like every good Greek. The meaning of God is different in O Brother Where Art Thou? compared to the Odyssey, not as many people believe there is a God in O Brother Where Art Thou?, while in the Odyssey the belief was universal. An example of non-belief in the film O Brother Where Art Thou? is: Ulysses’ has a continual struggle with the existence of God.
The relationships between the Greek gods and mortals have always been complicated. The gods can be generous and supportive, but also harsh and destructive towards the humans. They claim to be all powerful beings with unlimited power and influence, but in truth, they are far more human than they are perceived. They meddle with human lives, not because they are wise, but because of their own selfish reasons. In Homer’s The Odyssey, gods like Athena and Poseidon interfere with humans to satisfy their own desires, showing that they are just as imperfect and flawed as the mortals that they rule over.
He sought revenge, and revenge he got. Dionysus announced to Thebes, “Your lives will wear away like sand” (83). Cruelty and suffering came shooting at Pentheus and his family faster than a bullet.
Brutus, however, cares deeply for Caesar and is hesitant to kill the beloved hero of Rome. Cassius applies advanced techniques when speaking to Brutus and ultimately gains Brutus as an ally in his conspiracy against the emperor. These techniques involve the classic rhetorical methods that Aristotle crafted many centuries ago: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos. Aristotle understood that people are naturally skeptical. They are only fully convinced of an argument when they trust the source, understand the reasons, and truly care about the issue.
Wordsworth even alludes to Greek gods such as Proteus and Triton to expand his desire to convert. He is so over having to be accustomed to one system that he may not want to be apart of. In reply, Shelley says, “One loss is mine Which thou too feel’st, yet I alone deplore” (Lines 5/6). While Shelley too may disagree with the current system, he strongly disapproves with Wordsworth’s desire to convert. He is very straightforward with his feeling of disapproval when he says “yet I alone deplore” (Line 6).