Because it depends on post-structural theory, and the theory of exile offers a valuable model for postcolonial criticism. His theory of exile enlivens in all of his works from his earliest literary criticism to his later theoretical texts. By exile, Said mentions to the experience of peoples who have displaced from their homes for political conditions and to the experience of knowledgeable homelessness that a critic has to be free of the restrictions of cultural and ideological. Though, he claims that exile is a painful experience that does not lead to perfection but to a greater awareness of the possibility of human
While film industries have weathered changes in viewing habits, it appears that government edicts played a big role in the collapse of the industry. The theater owner wants the government to clamp down on DVD piracy while filmmakers insist that government support is needed to provide sophisticated and up-to-date equipments for film-making. Movies from the neighboring India also get the share of its blame as most Bollywood films have much larger budgets for films and its marketing campaigns. Research Questions The present study will cover answer to the following research questions about the decline of Pakistani film industry. What are the main causes of the decline of cinema in Pakistani film industry?
And also, it makes the discipline of popular culture consist of a theory of criticism. It can be said that the field of popular culture abolishes the great gaps between the high and low culture. It started with the Bowling Green State University Department of Popular Culture and then the studies of the Frankfurt School on popular culture followed it. Besides them, many theories about popular culture have propounded until today and still new ideas appear. Because it is a very pivotal area to analyze the societies, studies on popular culture should be gone on especially to recognize the capitalist and patriarchal elements used in the products of popular culture.
A comparative study of intertextual perspectives and contextual concerns in Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis and George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four enhances a responder’s appreciation of the power of literature to stimulate a sustained contemplation of transcendent values. Lang’s noncommittal and artistic portrayal of the dialectic between capitalist oppression and the proletariat revolution captures his deeply ambivalent attitude towards modernity and the social fragmentation of Weimar Germany. Additionally, Orwell espouses a need for equality and freedom through the lens of 1930s totalitarianism, providing a cautionary critique of the elite’s accumulation of arbitrary power and the complete subjugation of freedom. Hence, a comparative study heightens a responder’s understanding of how context influences composers and the enduring value of humanity and autonomy. The comparative study of enduring concepts potrayed within two texts of differing compositional milieus, allow for an enhanced understanding of how contempary social paradigms are internalised in the representation of these values.
Since the dawn of the American film industry in the late 19th century Hollywood movie production studios have played a crucial role in influencing views on religion, ethnicity and cultural traditions amongst the public. Hollywood movie studios are relentless in their stereotyping and the vilification of minority groups, a countries cultural background and traditions and even whole continents in order to produce the next box office hit. The production studios representations of ethnicities in their feature films can in many ways influence and manipulate the viewers perception of a countries national identity and the cultural heritage of its population. Furthermore they can create prejudices and hatred towards members of a certain culture based simply on the representation of actors, of that culture in the motion picture. With a focus on Hollywood feature films which have been produced since the turn of the millennium, this study will argue that the misinterpretation of cultural identities and traditions by the Hollywood studios can account for the preconceived prejudices and stereotypical views held by many members of the worlds population.
He particularly focuses on questions of health and illness, sanity and madness, lawabiding and criminal actions/bodies, and normal and deviant sexualities (2006:144). The main focus of Foucault’s philosophy was power relations in modern society and how it can be used to control people. This originated from an intense disliking of the bourgeois society and its culture. He sympathised with groups at the margins of the bourgeoisie, such as the mentally ill, homosexuals and prisoners (Gutting 2014:2). This essay will analyse how Foucault’s theories can be applied to discourse in literature with specific reference to the short story, “The Idiots” and the novel, “Heart of Darkness” both written in the
Abstract: The present research paper is an attempt to study and analyze Mohsin Hamid’s ‘The Reluctant Fundamentalist ‘in the light of Identity Crisis, cultural discrimination, terrorism, political corruptions and inferiority complex in the socio-economic and cultural areas. The novel describes the positive and negative developments in the Pakistan and American relations. Hamid in The Reluctant Fundamentalist has attempted the issues of colonialism and the quest for identity on the part of people from the so called developing cultures in the present day context. Hamid has shown that America has assumed the status of neo-colonial power. In prevention, they espouse extremist ideas and assume extreme shades of indigenous identity.
Alienation, disintegration and exile are terms that are frequently used in postcolonial literature, and it wouldn’t be wrong to denote that it is imperialism that has brought about a sense of disorder and alienation to countries that were ruled by the imperialists (Parag 135). Using Homi Bhabha’s concept of ‘unhomeliness’ and Hegel’s ‘alienation’ theory as framework, the aim of this paper will be to discuss how V.S. Naipaul strategically portrayed the feeling of being unhomed and alienated through the protagonist, in A House for Mr. Biswas (1961). Primarily, I would assert that this work is a personal reflection of V.S. Naipaul’s inner self, by understanding the nature of his writings, which are filled with works on displacement, alienation
representation of a parallel and diverse socio-political system in film and art thus becomes an act of activism. The repressive, authoritarian, male -centric Bhraminical film texts call for a recentring of the hegemonic ideological atmosphere in Kerala cultural scenario. As popular mode of representative culture, cinema always took a different turn in its history for more than a century. Dileesh Pothan’s Maheshinte Prathikaram being an example for dissent, celebrates the beauty of a village of multi-cultural, pluralistic society keeping away from the influence of the governmental or ideological source of repression. A close analysis of the two recently released Malayalam movies, Action Hero Biju and Maheshinte Prathikaram will give us a clear cut picture of these two conflicting flows of socio cultural streams running active in the ideological sphere of Kerala.
In this chapter I will discuss how the social injustice, which is imposed by colonial rule suppressed Indians and impacted them so much that ultimately it resulted in their upheaval. Basically this chapter deals with a collision of beliefs. It begins with minor background information on Anand including what he believed to be the responsibilities of the writer. It goes on to explain how, through his work, Anand hoped to fuse the past with the contemporary mindset and technical knowledge and integrate them to secure a humanitarian India. This chapter looks at the differences in home-life circumstances and hygiene.