John Dewey's Aesthetic Study

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Aesthetic is a branch of the study of axiology (theory of value) in philosophy that dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty. Scientifically, it can be defined as the study of sensory and sometimes called as judgments of sentiment and taste. The scholars in this field call it as the critical reflection of art, nature and culture. When considering the epistemology of aesthetic judgment, we need to know which features of an object are aesthetically relevant, how they relate with others and how we can come to our knowledge of them.
Aesthetic is important in the development of philosophy of knowledge. One of the branches in philosophy of knowledge is philosophy of art. It is the major subfield
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It is focusing on everyday events, settings and activities in which the faculty of sensibility is saliently at stake. John Dewey’s (1934) the pragmatist aesthetics, stated that at a variety of circumstances the energy, feeling, and rhythm are important in every creature’s intercourse with environment in which sensibility is present. Not only for the artistic but the everyday doings and under goings that involve intensity of experience and alertness. He explored aesthetics from the subject of experience rather than from object’s status as museum collection and artworks. Besides, aesthetics involved in daily activities such as the forms of expression in face-to-face, styles and context determined interactions. The role of the aesthetic is examined through symbolic interaction, identity negotiation and dramaturgical performance to produce specific sensitive effects and impact upon sensibility. Then, aesthetic is needed to be cooperated with education. It is not only by means of teaching art but aesthetically. Actually, it is in the manner itself of educating through the rhythm, organization of subject matter, and method of presentation to engage students with the content of study. Therefore, an approach to everyday aesthetics involves both of the positive and negative, the enriching and the toxic effects operating on…show more content…
There are three theories that being develop in the aesthetic of nature. The first theory is the idea of beautiful. Then, another two are the idea of sublime and the notion of the picturesque. Picturesque mean picture-like where the natural world is experienced as if it is divided into art-like scenes. It means that, the objects experienced as beautiful tend to be small, smooth, and fair in color while in contrast, objects viewed as sublime tend to be powerful, intense and terrifying. Besides, picturesque items are a mixture of both, which can be seen as varied and irregular, rich and forceful, and even vibrant. The recent development from this aesthetic of nature is the cognitive and non-cognitive approaches of nature. It has directed their focus from natural environments to the consideration of human. While human influenced environments and developed aesthetic investigations of everyday life. Nature is a living system which includes animals, plants, and Eco-systems. While, an art object has no regeneration, evolutionary history, or metabolism. When an individual engages in aesthetically appreciating a natural thing, he give meaning to the thing he appreciate and in that meaning, he express and develop his own attitudes, values and beliefs. In the world of art, criticism may take place when people come together and discuss books and films or
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