One must not forget that the intellect is the source of deception; moreover, the metaphor used to exhibit this idea is mythology, no longer the animal metaphor. Mythology is metaphorical and tells stories about morals or philosophical questions such as what happens after death. By answering abstract concepts, mythology parallels with metaphors that create these concepts. Mythology for Nietzsche allows him to point to famous philosophers such as Sophocles and Plato. By pinpointing these men, he challenges the history of philosophy by undercutting what philosophy is built on which is language.
The Enlightenment was a pattern of thought that started during the 1600s and 1700s “that critically examined traditional ideas and institutions, privileged reason, and championed progress” according to The Bedford Glossary of Critical Terms (Murfin and Ray, “Enlightenment”). Romanticism was the era that immediately followed in the 1800s, and it was characterized by an emphasis on emotion, nature, and fantastical writing (Murfin and Ray, “Romanticism”). Many of the ideals of the Romantic era were almost opposite to the ideals of the Enlightenment. Because of this, Romanticism is the Hegelian antithesis to the ideals of the Enlightenment because it emphasized emotion over reason, nature’s beauty over its danger, and personal stories over general
Kant would also say it is not a morally dubious act; it 's simply not a moral act of any kind. A dutiful act is that which is done primarily with regard to the moral code. Kant contrasts acts of duty and acts of inclination primarily as follows - dutiful acts are the only genuine examples of morally good behavior. Acts of inclination, on the other hand, are usually amoral (neither good nor bad) unless performing an inclined act is done at the expense of a morally good dutiful one, in which case it would be immoral. Now, Bentham’s objection to the scenario mentioned above would be since the action was successful in maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain, it is morally good.
Instututionalizing the confidence in power of reason is an out standing achivement of enlightenment. What is enlightenment? Immanuel Kant was also a prominent figure in the age of enlightenment. In 1786 he wrote a famous article ‘what is enlightenment?’ in the German journal. In this article he, discuss the concept of enlightenment and he cut off all the previous definitions of enlightenment.
In Joan Didion’s essay titled “On Self-Respect” Didion analyzes what it truly means to value oneself. But self-respect is not a cure to all of those humiliations and moments of self doubt. However, those are flaws that come with being human. Didion acknowledges that self-respect will not save one from the trials that come with being human. She uses cultural references, imagery and syntax to achieve her definition of self-respect.
Even the answer of Eichmann demonstrates how wrong Kantian ethics had been misused and misinterpreted by him. Nevertheless, according to Kantian ethics, a personal life should not have a confliction with the law which is another reason that indicates that Eichmann was not a true “proper”
Moses Mendelssohn accomplished quite a lot in his lifetime which is what we will be analyzing in this essay. Moses Mendelssohn was a German and Jewish philosopher although many say that he wasn’t the best philosopher. Best he was also a critic, Bible translator, and commentator who greatly contributed to Jewish renaissance and was also the most important figure in early modern Jewish history for that matter. Firstly, we will demonstrate his best accomplishments during his time which lead to him being an important figure in Early Modern Jewish History. In order to find out more about Moses Mendelssohn we have to start with his life story.
Francesco Petrarch is the father of Humanism because he was very smart and took influential action that laid down the foundation for humanism all together. Petrarch laid the foundation for humanism. Firstly, Petrarch was one of the wisest people of his time. Petrarch “was regarded as the greatest scholar of his age” (Britannica.com). He cascaded a lot of his wisdom into his work, most notably his poetry.
903729366 Essay 1: Kant In Kant’s “From Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals”, he elaborates on the significance of the goodwill: that doing something out of good will means doing it strictly for the purpose of duty, because it is your duty as a person to do the right thing. To support this statement, one must agree that the the good will is a morally valuable thing. For example, my interpretation of Kant says, “if there is not a good will to correct the influence of these (gifts of fortune) in the mind, then these fortunes can over-take good will and bad occurrences may happen.” Kant believes that when we perform an action, the morality of our actions do not depend on their outcomes. When we perform actions with a good will in mind, they will result in a morally valuable consequence. To ask if it is morally valuable would be to ask the question if good will assists people in making the better decision — whether deciding
Causation is the relationship between cause and effect, during the 18th century many philosophers discusses what causes events and how do we perceive this cause and effect relationship. The first philosopher discussed is David Hume who view of causation is “every event is distinct from its own cause” with no logical connection, and the second is Immanuel Kant who likewise views all events as discrete events, yet we are able to have knowledge of a causal relationship. These differences between the two accounts for causation are highly important in philosophy, however Immanuel Kant’s response to Davide Hume was able to expand on the human element in which we interrupt causation and add evidence practical that Hume was unable to do. In the Enquiry
Utilitarian’s argue that social productivity is raised when jobs are awarded on the basis of merit. They feel that race, sex, and religion are unrelated to job performance, and as such have nothing to do with merit. The allocation of jobs on the basis of race, sex, and religion is inefficient, and under Utilitarian principles, is morally wrong. On the other hand, the Kantian argument views discrimination as wrong because it treats people as a means to an end to the social obligation that the discrimination serves. These can be racist and sexist discrimination or reverse discrimination found in affirmative action.