Economic causes resulted in human desire to gain control, and become rich making it the main driving force in European Imperialism in Africa. Europe did gain wealth and power as a result of imperialism in Africa. European nations recognized the connection between wealth and power and understood that economic control was the way to win the prestige they
This happened to some states in Africa because they were controlled by the European colonies. The last reason why economic is the main cause of European imperialism on Africa is because of new resources. In document C a chart is shown of what type of technology is introduced. All of these resources were developed only for the European colonies. The reason why it was only made for European colonies is because so Africa will not try to fight back since the colonies had new and improved sources of technology.
Paul Leroy Beaulieu wrote, “It is not natural for the civilized people of the west to gather the marvels of science, art, and civilization and not share the opportunities with the savages in need. We have a duty to spread knowledge of medicine, law, and Christian religion. Such a transformation of a barbarian country cannot be accomplished by business or economic relations alone.” (Document S). This idea of superiority empowered African imperialism.
Native people were weakened and frustrated; causing the power of the government to diminish and weaken, leading to a downfall of the economy too. They lacked food and water which worsened the living conditions and caused natives to catch many diseases like AIDS, malaria and others under the harsh rule. The political units were disrupted while many individuals and groups resisted the European domination. Leading to industrial nations controlling the global
But what exactly drove Europe to imperialize Africa? Europeans extended their power over Africa for three reasons: The newly formed economic demand, competition between nations, and the belief in cultural superiority. The European economy was transformed by
Beginning in the mid 1800’s, the scramble for Africa proved to be one of the most important events in World History. The term “scramble for Africa” describes the rush and uttermost important desire that European countries had to imperialize the countries in Africa. Imperialism is the dominance of a stronger country over a smaller one politically and economically. Stronger countries imperialize weaker countries in order to gain new resources and acquire a better trade system. The Europeans desire to imperialize Africa was driven by their perception of god, gold, and glory.
However, the plantation colonists were actively exploiting the slaves and nonwhites on their own properties. Slaves were treated like items and sold against their will. Many were treated harshly and overworked by these same colonists who similarly cried wolf towards the British. Colonists wanted to stop being the buffer when it came to wars within European powers, but in the meantime, they treated their own slaves even worse. These major hypocrisies within the colonial planter’s view of equality for them with against the British was skewed their beliefs in foreign control Indian populations, rights toward only the white, Christian population, and exploitation amongst
The lack of natives to work for the Europeans in the New World as well as to ship to the Old World urged the Europeans to look for a new source of “slaves” to do their labor work. They eventually looked towards Africa and the slave trade began. About 12 million slaves were shipped (Page 3). The governments in Africa were weak and the Europeans took control of the massive continent. Beginning in the 1500s, thousands of slaves were being shipped to the New World and Europe.
Europe conquered and colonized Africa in the late 19th century to gain full power and to solely build economic wealth. I believe that greed was the primary motivation. In the book, Hochschild looks further into the Europeans drive for possessions in Africa. The moral rationalization of the civilizing mission was used to justify colonialism. For example, the founding of Leopold 's International African Association at a conference of famous explorers in Brussels, King Leopold opened the conference.
There are economic, cultural, and political are the effects of the industrial revolution and European imperialism on both European nations and their colonies during the time period 1700-1914. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia. The European nations conquer Africa because they needed raw materials. European-introduced European culture, language, and religion to Africa. The European opened schools in Africa, which teach in the European language and spread Christianity.
Europeans wanted African land so much that they were willing to do anything to get the natural resources that Africa held. The Europeans went out of their way to get these resources. Africa was rich and the most needed resources at this time to update and advance new Technology and for economic purposes. Firstly, Europeans had more Technology advancements.
In the 1800's Europeans controlled a very small portion of Africa because of many reasons. The powerful African armies were able to keep Europeans out of Africa for over 400 years because it was almost impossible for Europeans to travel to the interior parts of Africa. Disease was spreading through Africa which slowed down European control. Rivers were another factor why Europeans didn't control much of Africa. They couldn't find their way around the African rivers because of the rapids, cataracts, and changing flows.
By the year 1885, European imperialism in Africa was in full flight. Imperialism is the belief that a person or a group of people is superior to another person or group. Europeans strongly believed they were more important than the Africans. Because of this, they took Africa for themselves. Strong driving forces during this imperialism was resources, power, and technology.
During the 19th century many European explorers began exploring the interior of Africa. As a result many European countries wanted to colonize Africa. There were many reasons for Europeans wanting to imperialize Africa. Some of the driving forces behind European imperialism were economic, nationalism and White Man’s burden.